Opportunities for Bio-Based Solvents Created as Petrochemical and Fuel Products Transition towards Renewable Resources

James H Clark*, Thomas J Farmer, Andrew J Hunt, James Sherwood

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The global bio-based chemical market is growing in size and importance. Bio-based solvents such as glycerol and 2-methyltetrahydrofuran are often discussed as important introductions to the conventional repertoire of solvents. However adoption of new innovations by industry is typically slow. Therefore it might be anticipated that neoteric solvent systems (e.g., ionic liquids) will remain niche, while renewable routes to historically established solvents will continue to grow in importance. This review discusses bio-based solvents from the perspective of their production, identifying suitable feedstocks, platform molecules, and relevant product streams for the sustainable manufacturing of conventional solvents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17101-17159
Number of pages59
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2015


  • Bio-based solvent
  • Bio-refinery
  • Biomass
  • Green solvent
  • Platform molecules

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