Optimal outcomes from cardiac rehabilitation are associated with longer-term follow-up and risk factor status at 12 months: An observational registry-based study

Lars Hermann Tang, Patrick Doherty, Søren T Skou, Alexander Harrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


AIM: The purpose of Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) is to promote and reduce risk factors in the short and long term, however, the latter has, to date, been poorly evaluated. We explored characteristics associated with provision and outcomes of a long-term assessment in CR.

METHOD: Data from the UK National Audit of CR between April 2015 and March 2020 was used. Programmes were selected if they had an established mechanism and routine methodology to collect the 12-month assessments. Risk factors pre and post phase II CR and at the 12-month assessment were explored; BMI ≤30, ≥150 min of physical activity per week, hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) scores <8. The data came from 32 programmes, 24,644 patients with coronary heart disease. Patients being in at least one optimal risk factor stage throughout phase II CR (OR = 1.43 95% CI 1.28 to 1.59) or successfully reaching an optimal stage during phase II CR (OR = 1.61 95% CI 1.44 to 1.80) had an increased likelihood of being assessed at 12 months compared to those who did not. Patients being in the optimal stage upon completion of phase II CR had an increased likelihood of still being in the optimal stage at 12 months. Most prominent was BMI; (OR = 14.6 (95% CI 11.1 to 19.2) for patients reaching an optimal stage throughout phase II CR.

CONCLUSION: Being in an optimal stage upon routine CR completion could be an overlooked predictor in the provision of a long-term CR service and prediction of longer-term risk factor status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-140
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Early online date16 May 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023

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© Authors 2023. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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