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Optimisation and economic evaluation of the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of waxes from waste date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) leaves

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Optimisation and economic evaluation of the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of waxes from waste date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) leaves. / Al Bulushi, Karima; Attard, Thomas M.; North, Michael; Hunt, Andrew J.

In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 186, 10.06.2018, p. 988-996.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Al Bulushi, K, Attard, TM, North, M & Hunt, AJ 2018, 'Optimisation and economic evaluation of the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of waxes from waste date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) leaves', Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 186, pp. 988-996. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.117

APA

Al Bulushi, K., Attard, T. M., North, M., & Hunt, A. J. (2018). Optimisation and economic evaluation of the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of waxes from waste date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) leaves. Journal of Cleaner Production, 186, 988-996. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.117

Vancouver

Al Bulushi K, Attard TM, North M, Hunt AJ. Optimisation and economic evaluation of the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of waxes from waste date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) leaves. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2018 Jun 10;186:988-996. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.117

Author

Al Bulushi, Karima ; Attard, Thomas M. ; North, Michael ; Hunt, Andrew J. / Optimisation and economic evaluation of the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of waxes from waste date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) leaves. In: Journal of Cleaner Production. 2018 ; Vol. 186. pp. 988-996.

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@article{6cbc32b06eeb4d738a15257b686b54c2,
title = "Optimisation and economic evaluation of the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of waxes from waste date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) leaves",
abstract = "Wax extraction has been achieved from an abundant and sustainable waste residue, date palm leaves (or leaflets). Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction was utilised as a clean and efficient extraction technology in this process. Extraction conditions including pressure and temperature have been optimised using response surface methodology (via a 2 × 2 factorial experimental design). The highest yield obtained was 3.49% at 400 bar and 100 °C, which is significantly higher than other reported agricultural residues. The wax obtained at optimum condition (400 bar, 100 °C) exhibited a comparable melting point (78 °C) to carnauba wax, making it a suitable alternative or replacement for this overexploited commercial plant wax. The supercritical process required significantly shorter extraction times (with a 97% isolated wax yield after 120 min), as compared to soxhlet systems which typically required extraction times of up to 5 h to obtain comparable yields. Supercritical carbon dioxide was utilised to tailor the extraction process and obtain waxes with different textural properties, chemical composition and melting profile (35–78 °C). An economic study for the date palm leaf wax extraction estimated a lowest cost of manufacture (COM) at €3.78 kg−1 wax. The low cost of the manufacturing, combined with high wax recovery, the thermal properties of the extract and abundance of this waste resource, makes date palm leaf an attractive feedstock for the natural wax industry.",
keywords = "Carbon dioxide, Date palm, Economic, Extraction, Supercritical, Wax",
author = "{Al Bulushi}, Karima and Attard, {Thomas M.} and Michael North and Hunt, {Andrew J.}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2018 Elsevier Ltd. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher{\textquoteright}s self-archiving policy.",
year = "2018",
month = jun,
day = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.117",
language = "English",
volume = "186",
pages = "988--996",
journal = "Journal of Cleaner Production",
issn = "0959-6526",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Optimisation and economic evaluation of the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of waxes from waste date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) leaves

AU - Al Bulushi, Karima

AU - Attard, Thomas M.

AU - North, Michael

AU - Hunt, Andrew J.

N1 - © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.

PY - 2018/6/10

Y1 - 2018/6/10

N2 - Wax extraction has been achieved from an abundant and sustainable waste residue, date palm leaves (or leaflets). Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction was utilised as a clean and efficient extraction technology in this process. Extraction conditions including pressure and temperature have been optimised using response surface methodology (via a 2 × 2 factorial experimental design). The highest yield obtained was 3.49% at 400 bar and 100 °C, which is significantly higher than other reported agricultural residues. The wax obtained at optimum condition (400 bar, 100 °C) exhibited a comparable melting point (78 °C) to carnauba wax, making it a suitable alternative or replacement for this overexploited commercial plant wax. The supercritical process required significantly shorter extraction times (with a 97% isolated wax yield after 120 min), as compared to soxhlet systems which typically required extraction times of up to 5 h to obtain comparable yields. Supercritical carbon dioxide was utilised to tailor the extraction process and obtain waxes with different textural properties, chemical composition and melting profile (35–78 °C). An economic study for the date palm leaf wax extraction estimated a lowest cost of manufacture (COM) at €3.78 kg−1 wax. The low cost of the manufacturing, combined with high wax recovery, the thermal properties of the extract and abundance of this waste resource, makes date palm leaf an attractive feedstock for the natural wax industry.

AB - Wax extraction has been achieved from an abundant and sustainable waste residue, date palm leaves (or leaflets). Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction was utilised as a clean and efficient extraction technology in this process. Extraction conditions including pressure and temperature have been optimised using response surface methodology (via a 2 × 2 factorial experimental design). The highest yield obtained was 3.49% at 400 bar and 100 °C, which is significantly higher than other reported agricultural residues. The wax obtained at optimum condition (400 bar, 100 °C) exhibited a comparable melting point (78 °C) to carnauba wax, making it a suitable alternative or replacement for this overexploited commercial plant wax. The supercritical process required significantly shorter extraction times (with a 97% isolated wax yield after 120 min), as compared to soxhlet systems which typically required extraction times of up to 5 h to obtain comparable yields. Supercritical carbon dioxide was utilised to tailor the extraction process and obtain waxes with different textural properties, chemical composition and melting profile (35–78 °C). An economic study for the date palm leaf wax extraction estimated a lowest cost of manufacture (COM) at €3.78 kg−1 wax. The low cost of the manufacturing, combined with high wax recovery, the thermal properties of the extract and abundance of this waste resource, makes date palm leaf an attractive feedstock for the natural wax industry.

KW - Carbon dioxide

KW - Date palm

KW - Economic

KW - Extraction

KW - Supercritical

KW - Wax

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85044446945&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.117

DO - 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.117

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85044446945

VL - 186

SP - 988

EP - 996

JO - Journal of Cleaner Production

JF - Journal of Cleaner Production

SN - 0959-6526

ER -