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Origins and genetic legacy of prehistoric dogs

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Author(s)

  • Anders Bergström
  • Laurent Frantz
  • Ryan Schmidt
  • Erik Ersmark
  • Ophelie Lebrasseur
  • Linus Girdland-Flink
  • Audrey T. Lin
  • Jan Storå
  • Karl Göran Sjögren
  • David Anthony
  • Ekaterina Antipina
  • Sarieh Amiri
  • Guy Bar-Oz
  • Vladimir I. Bazaliiskii
  • Jelena Bulatović
  • Dorcas Brown
  • Alberto Carmagnini
  • Tom Davy
  • Sergey Fedorov
  • Ivana Fiore
  • Deirdre Fulton
  • Mietje Germonpré
  • James Haile
  • Evan K. Irving-Pease
  • Alexandra Jamieson
  • Luc Janssens
  • Irina Kirillova
  • Liora Kolska Horwitz
  • Julka Kuzmanovic-Cvetković
  • Yaroslav Kuzmin
  • Robert J. Losey
  • Daria Ložnjak Dizdar
  • Marjan Mashkour
  • Mario Novak
  • Vedat Onar
  • Maja Pasarić
  • Miljana Radivojević
  • Dragana Rajković
  • Benjamin Roberts
  • Hannah Ryan
  • Mikhail Sablin
  • Fedor Shidlovskiy
  • Ivana Stojanović
  • Antonio Tagliacozzo
  • Katerina Trantalidou
  • Inga Ullén
  • Aritza Villaluenga
  • Paula Wapnish
  • Keith Dobney
  • Anders Götherström
  • Anna Linderholm
  • Love Dalén
  • Ron Pinhasi
  • Greger Larson
  • Pontus Skoglund

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Publication details

JournalScience (New York, N.Y.)
DateAccepted/In press - 10 Sep 2020
DatePublished (current) - 30 Oct 2020
Issue number6516
Volume370
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)557-564
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Dogs were the first domestic animal, but little is known about their population history and to what extent it was linked to humans. We sequenced 27 ancient dog genomes and found that all dogs share a common ancestry distinct from present-day wolves, with limited gene flow from wolves since domestication but substantial dog-to-wolf gene flow. By 11,000 years ago, at least five major ancestry lineages had diversified, demonstrating a deep genetic history of dogs during the Paleolithic. Coanalysis with human genomes reveals aspects of dog population history that mirror humans, including Levant-related ancestry in Africa and early agricultural Europe. Other aspects differ, including the impacts of steppe pastoralist expansions in West and East Eurasia and a near-complete turnover of Neolithic European dog ancestry.

Bibliographical note

© 2020 The Authors. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

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