Overview of Cardiac Rehabilitation Evidence, Benefits and Utilisation

Abdulrahman Ibrahim Mohamed Al Quait, Patrick Joseph Doherty

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Historically, the main objective of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) as an exercise-based programme was to restore or
improve patients’ regular physical activity after a cardiac event. Since then CR has evolved into a comprehensive
secondary prevention programme, the objectives of CR, and indications and contraindications for its use have also
developed in sophistication. Current CR programmes are designed to stabilise or even reverse the progression of
heart disease by controlling all modifiable risk factors. They are also concerned with improving patients’ quality of
life by restoring their wellbeing. All this should be achieved with the maximum safety levels to patients. The first
part of this review details on how CR evolved from a simple exercise programme to a comprehensive secondary
prevention programme in the past few decades. The second part sets an example of modern CR provision, pathway
and guidelines in a top leading country in this field, the UK.
Keywords: cardiac rehabilitation, secondary prevention, coronary artery disease
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-48
Number of pages101
JournalGlobal Journal of Health Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 19 Dec 2017

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