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Ozone effects on crops and consideration in crop models

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JournalEuropean Journal of Agronomy
DateAccepted/In press - 4 Jun 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print (current) - 22 Jun 2018
Number of pages16
Early online date22/06/18
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

We review current knowledge of the processes by which ozone will cause injury and damage in crop plants. We do this both through an understanding of the limitations to ozone uptake (i.e. ozone being transferred from some height in the atmosphere to the leaf boundary layer and subsequent uptake via the stomata) as well as through the internal plant processes that will result in damage and /or injury. We consider these processes across the range of scales that are impacted in the plant, from cellular injury and damage (that can result in visible injury and alterations to photosynthesis and stomatal conductance) through to leaf level impacts on physiology and leaf senescence and ultimately to alterations in whole plant canopy and root systems that will affect biogeochemical cycling within the plant. We consider these processes from the viewpoint of developing crop growth models that are capable of incorporating key ozone impact processes within modelling structures that asses crop growth under a variety of different stresses. This would provide a dynamic assessment of the impact of ozone on crop growth within the context of other key variables considered important in determining crop growth and yield. We consider the ability to achieve this through an assessment of the different types of crop model (e.g. empirical, radiation use efficiency, and photosynthesis based crop growth models. Finally, we show how international activities such as the AgMIP (Agricultural Modelling and Improvement Intercomparison Project) could provide a network of crop growth modellers to assess the capabilities of different crop models to simulate the effects of ozone and other stresses to improve future regional and global risk assessments.

Bibliographical note

© 2018 The Authors.

    Research areas

  • crop modelling, ozone, air pollution, climate change

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