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Packaging signals in two single-stranded RNA viruses imply a conserved assembly mechanism and geometry of the packaged genome

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Packaging signals in two single-stranded RNA viruses imply a conserved assembly mechanism and geometry of the packaged genome. / Dykeman, Eric C; Stockley, Peter G; Twarock, Reidun.

In: Journal of Molecular Biology, Vol. 425, No. 17, 09.09.2013, p. 3235-3249.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Dykeman, EC, Stockley, PG & Twarock, R 2013, 'Packaging signals in two single-stranded RNA viruses imply a conserved assembly mechanism and geometry of the packaged genome', Journal of Molecular Biology, vol. 425, no. 17, pp. 3235-3249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2013.06.005

APA

Dykeman, E. C., Stockley, P. G., & Twarock, R. (2013). Packaging signals in two single-stranded RNA viruses imply a conserved assembly mechanism and geometry of the packaged genome. Journal of Molecular Biology, 425(17), 3235-3249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2013.06.005

Vancouver

Dykeman EC, Stockley PG, Twarock R. Packaging signals in two single-stranded RNA viruses imply a conserved assembly mechanism and geometry of the packaged genome. Journal of Molecular Biology. 2013 Sep 9;425(17):3235-3249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2013.06.005

Author

Dykeman, Eric C ; Stockley, Peter G ; Twarock, Reidun. / Packaging signals in two single-stranded RNA viruses imply a conserved assembly mechanism and geometry of the packaged genome. In: Journal of Molecular Biology. 2013 ; Vol. 425, No. 17. pp. 3235-3249.

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@article{607eda44900a47f69d6229327d1c81fe,
title = "Packaging signals in two single-stranded RNA viruses imply a conserved assembly mechanism and geometry of the packaged genome",
abstract = "The current paradigm for assembly of single-stranded RNA viruses is based on a mechanism involving non-sequence-specific packaging of genomic RNA driven by electrostatic interactions. Recent experiments, however, provide compelling evidence for sequence specificity in this process both in vitro and in vivo. The existence of multiple RNA packaging signals (PSs) within viral genomes has been proposed, which facilitates assembly by binding coat proteins in such a way that they promote the protein-protein contacts needed to build the capsid. The binding energy from these interactions enables the confinement or compaction of the genomic RNAs. Identifying the nature of such PSs is crucial for a full understanding of assembly, which is an as yet untapped potential drug target for this important class of pathogens. Here, for two related bacterial viruses, we determine the sequences and locations of their PSs using Hamiltonian paths, a concept from graph theory, in combination with bioinformatics and structural studies. Their PSs have a common secondary structure motif but distinct consensus sequences and positions within the respective genomes. Despite these differences, the distributions of PSs in both viruses imply defined conformations for the packaged RNA genomes in contact with the protein shell in the capsid, consistent with a recent asymmetric structure determination of the MS2 virion. The PS distributions identified moreover imply a preferred, evolutionarily conserved assembly pathway with respect to the RNA sequence with potentially profound implications for other single-stranded RNA viruses known to have RNA PSs, including many animal and human pathogens.",
author = "Dykeman, {Eric C} and Stockley, {Peter G} and Reidun Twarock",
note = "{\circledC}2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
day = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.jmb.2013.06.005",
language = "English",
volume = "425",
pages = "3235--3249",
journal = "Journal of Molecular Biology",
issn = "0022-2836",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "17",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Packaging signals in two single-stranded RNA viruses imply a conserved assembly mechanism and geometry of the packaged genome

AU - Dykeman, Eric C

AU - Stockley, Peter G

AU - Twarock, Reidun

N1 - ©2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2013/9/9

Y1 - 2013/9/9

N2 - The current paradigm for assembly of single-stranded RNA viruses is based on a mechanism involving non-sequence-specific packaging of genomic RNA driven by electrostatic interactions. Recent experiments, however, provide compelling evidence for sequence specificity in this process both in vitro and in vivo. The existence of multiple RNA packaging signals (PSs) within viral genomes has been proposed, which facilitates assembly by binding coat proteins in such a way that they promote the protein-protein contacts needed to build the capsid. The binding energy from these interactions enables the confinement or compaction of the genomic RNAs. Identifying the nature of such PSs is crucial for a full understanding of assembly, which is an as yet untapped potential drug target for this important class of pathogens. Here, for two related bacterial viruses, we determine the sequences and locations of their PSs using Hamiltonian paths, a concept from graph theory, in combination with bioinformatics and structural studies. Their PSs have a common secondary structure motif but distinct consensus sequences and positions within the respective genomes. Despite these differences, the distributions of PSs in both viruses imply defined conformations for the packaged RNA genomes in contact with the protein shell in the capsid, consistent with a recent asymmetric structure determination of the MS2 virion. The PS distributions identified moreover imply a preferred, evolutionarily conserved assembly pathway with respect to the RNA sequence with potentially profound implications for other single-stranded RNA viruses known to have RNA PSs, including many animal and human pathogens.

AB - The current paradigm for assembly of single-stranded RNA viruses is based on a mechanism involving non-sequence-specific packaging of genomic RNA driven by electrostatic interactions. Recent experiments, however, provide compelling evidence for sequence specificity in this process both in vitro and in vivo. The existence of multiple RNA packaging signals (PSs) within viral genomes has been proposed, which facilitates assembly by binding coat proteins in such a way that they promote the protein-protein contacts needed to build the capsid. The binding energy from these interactions enables the confinement or compaction of the genomic RNAs. Identifying the nature of such PSs is crucial for a full understanding of assembly, which is an as yet untapped potential drug target for this important class of pathogens. Here, for two related bacterial viruses, we determine the sequences and locations of their PSs using Hamiltonian paths, a concept from graph theory, in combination with bioinformatics and structural studies. Their PSs have a common secondary structure motif but distinct consensus sequences and positions within the respective genomes. Despite these differences, the distributions of PSs in both viruses imply defined conformations for the packaged RNA genomes in contact with the protein shell in the capsid, consistent with a recent asymmetric structure determination of the MS2 virion. The PS distributions identified moreover imply a preferred, evolutionarily conserved assembly pathway with respect to the RNA sequence with potentially profound implications for other single-stranded RNA viruses known to have RNA PSs, including many animal and human pathogens.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jmb.2013.06.005

DO - 10.1016/j.jmb.2013.06.005

M3 - Article

C2 - 23763992

VL - 425

SP - 3235

EP - 3249

JO - Journal of Molecular Biology

JF - Journal of Molecular Biology

SN - 0022-2836

IS - 17

ER -