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Participatory scenario planning for developing innovation in community adaptation responses: three contrasting examples from Latin America

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Participatory scenario planning for developing innovation in community adaptation responses: three contrasting examples from Latin America. / Brown, Iain Michael; Martin-Ortega, Julia; Waylen, Kerry; Blackstock, Kirsty.

In: Regional Environmental Change, Vol. 16, No. 6, 01.08.2016, p. 1685-1700.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Brown, IM, Martin-Ortega, J, Waylen, K & Blackstock, K 2016, 'Participatory scenario planning for developing innovation in community adaptation responses: three contrasting examples from Latin America', Regional Environmental Change, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 1685-1700. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-015-0898-7

APA

Brown, I. M., Martin-Ortega, J., Waylen, K., & Blackstock, K. (2016). Participatory scenario planning for developing innovation in community adaptation responses: three contrasting examples from Latin America. Regional Environmental Change, 16(6), 1685-1700. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-015-0898-7

Vancouver

Brown IM, Martin-Ortega J, Waylen K, Blackstock K. Participatory scenario planning for developing innovation in community adaptation responses: three contrasting examples from Latin America. Regional Environmental Change. 2016 Aug 1;16(6):1685-1700. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-015-0898-7

Author

Brown, Iain Michael ; Martin-Ortega, Julia ; Waylen, Kerry ; Blackstock, Kirsty. / Participatory scenario planning for developing innovation in community adaptation responses: three contrasting examples from Latin America. In: Regional Environmental Change. 2016 ; Vol. 16, No. 6. pp. 1685-1700.

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@article{ca9bb6df675f41919297ff0549541fd6,
title = "Participatory scenario planning for developing innovation in community adaptation responses: three contrasting examples from Latin America",
abstract = "Environmental change requires adaptive responses that are innovative, forward-looking and anticipatory, in order to meet goals for sustainability in socioecological systems. This implies transformative shifts in understanding as conceptualised by the idea of {\textquoteleft}double{\textquoteright}- or {\textquoteleft}triple-loop learning{\textquoteright}. Achieving this can be difficult as communities often rely on shorter-term coping mechanismsthat purport to maintain the status quo. The use of participatory scenario planning to stimulate forward-looking social learning for adaptation was investigated through three contrasting community case studies on naturalresource management in Latin America (in Mexico, Argentina and Colombia). Exploratory scenario narratives that synthesised local knowledge and future perceptions were used iteratively to define response options consideredrobust across multiple futures. Despite its intensive format, participants in each case agreed that scenario planning enabled a more systematic appraisal of the future. Scenarios facilitated innovation by providing scope to proposenew types of responses and associated actions. Differences in local context meant that learning about future change developed in diverse ways, showing a need for a reflexive process. Reframing of key issues characteristic of double-loop learning did occur, albeit through different forms of interaction in each location. However, a shift towards transformative actions characteristic of triple-loop learning was less evident. Achieving this would appear to require ongoing use of scenarios to challenge social norms in light of changing drivers. Use of learning loops as a diagnostic to evaluate adaptive responses provided a useful reference framework although in practice both innovation and consolidativeapproaches can develop concurrently for responses to different issues.",
keywords = "Socio-ecological systems; Community-based adaptation; Scenarios; Triple-loop learning; Social learning; Latin America",
author = "Brown, {Iain Michael} and Julia Martin-Ortega and Kerry Waylen and Kirsty Blackstock",
year = "2016",
month = aug,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10113-015-0898-7",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "1685--1700",
journal = "Regional Environmental Change",
issn = "1437-3798",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "6",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Participatory scenario planning for developing innovation in community adaptation responses: three contrasting examples from Latin America

AU - Brown, Iain Michael

AU - Martin-Ortega, Julia

AU - Waylen, Kerry

AU - Blackstock, Kirsty

PY - 2016/8/1

Y1 - 2016/8/1

N2 - Environmental change requires adaptive responses that are innovative, forward-looking and anticipatory, in order to meet goals for sustainability in socioecological systems. This implies transformative shifts in understanding as conceptualised by the idea of ‘double’- or ‘triple-loop learning’. Achieving this can be difficult as communities often rely on shorter-term coping mechanismsthat purport to maintain the status quo. The use of participatory scenario planning to stimulate forward-looking social learning for adaptation was investigated through three contrasting community case studies on naturalresource management in Latin America (in Mexico, Argentina and Colombia). Exploratory scenario narratives that synthesised local knowledge and future perceptions were used iteratively to define response options consideredrobust across multiple futures. Despite its intensive format, participants in each case agreed that scenario planning enabled a more systematic appraisal of the future. Scenarios facilitated innovation by providing scope to proposenew types of responses and associated actions. Differences in local context meant that learning about future change developed in diverse ways, showing a need for a reflexive process. Reframing of key issues characteristic of double-loop learning did occur, albeit through different forms of interaction in each location. However, a shift towards transformative actions characteristic of triple-loop learning was less evident. Achieving this would appear to require ongoing use of scenarios to challenge social norms in light of changing drivers. Use of learning loops as a diagnostic to evaluate adaptive responses provided a useful reference framework although in practice both innovation and consolidativeapproaches can develop concurrently for responses to different issues.

AB - Environmental change requires adaptive responses that are innovative, forward-looking and anticipatory, in order to meet goals for sustainability in socioecological systems. This implies transformative shifts in understanding as conceptualised by the idea of ‘double’- or ‘triple-loop learning’. Achieving this can be difficult as communities often rely on shorter-term coping mechanismsthat purport to maintain the status quo. The use of participatory scenario planning to stimulate forward-looking social learning for adaptation was investigated through three contrasting community case studies on naturalresource management in Latin America (in Mexico, Argentina and Colombia). Exploratory scenario narratives that synthesised local knowledge and future perceptions were used iteratively to define response options consideredrobust across multiple futures. Despite its intensive format, participants in each case agreed that scenario planning enabled a more systematic appraisal of the future. Scenarios facilitated innovation by providing scope to proposenew types of responses and associated actions. Differences in local context meant that learning about future change developed in diverse ways, showing a need for a reflexive process. Reframing of key issues characteristic of double-loop learning did occur, albeit through different forms of interaction in each location. However, a shift towards transformative actions characteristic of triple-loop learning was less evident. Achieving this would appear to require ongoing use of scenarios to challenge social norms in light of changing drivers. Use of learning loops as a diagnostic to evaluate adaptive responses provided a useful reference framework although in practice both innovation and consolidativeapproaches can develop concurrently for responses to different issues.

KW - Socio-ecological systems; Community-based adaptation; Scenarios; Triple-loop learning; Social learning; Latin America

U2 - 10.1007/s10113-015-0898-7

DO - 10.1007/s10113-015-0898-7

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 1685

EP - 1700

JO - Regional Environmental Change

JF - Regional Environmental Change

SN - 1437-3798

IS - 6

ER -