By the same authors

Patient-reported symptoms of ‘calm’, ‘irritated’ and ‘infected’ skeletal external fixator pin site wound states: a cross-sectional study

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Patient-reported symptoms of ‘calm’, ‘irritated’ and ‘infected’ skeletal external fixator pin site wound states : a cross-sectional study. / Santy-Tomlinson, Julie; Jomeen, Julie; Ersser, Steven Jeffrey.

In: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing, 25.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Santy-Tomlinson, J, Jomeen, J & Ersser, SJ 2019, 'Patient-reported symptoms of ‘calm’, ‘irritated’ and ‘infected’ skeletal external fixator pin site wound states: a cross-sectional study', International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijotn.2019.01.002

APA

Santy-Tomlinson, J., Jomeen, J., & Ersser, S. J. (2019). Patient-reported symptoms of ‘calm’, ‘irritated’ and ‘infected’ skeletal external fixator pin site wound states: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijotn.2019.01.002

Vancouver

Santy-Tomlinson J, Jomeen J, Ersser SJ. Patient-reported symptoms of ‘calm’, ‘irritated’ and ‘infected’ skeletal external fixator pin site wound states: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing. 2019 Feb 25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijotn.2019.01.002

Author

Santy-Tomlinson, Julie ; Jomeen, Julie ; Ersser, Steven Jeffrey. / Patient-reported symptoms of ‘calm’, ‘irritated’ and ‘infected’ skeletal external fixator pin site wound states : a cross-sectional study. In: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing. 2019.

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@article{96851c4eb76b4074ad22006784505b7f,
title = "Patient-reported symptoms of {\textquoteleft}calm{\textquoteright}, {\textquoteleft}irritated{\textquoteright} and {\textquoteleft}infected{\textquoteright} skeletal external fixator pin site wound states: a cross-sectional study",
abstract = "Objective: To explore the frequency, severity and variances in patient-reported symptoms of calm, irritated and infected skeletal pin sites. Methods: A cross-sectional within-subjects repeated-measures study was conducted, employing a self-report questionnaire. Patients (n=165) treated with lower limb external fixators at 7 English hospitals completed a designed questionnaire. Three sets of retrospective repeated-measures data were collected relating to calm, irritated and infected pin sites. Results: Significant differences were revealed between each of the three pin site states (calm, irritated & infected) in the degree of redness, swelling, itchiness, pain, wound discharge, heat/burning, shiny skin and odour. In relation to difficulty or pain using the affected arm or leg, difficulty weight bearing on the leg, nausea and/or vomiting, feeling unwell or feverish, shivering, tiredness/lethargy and disturbed sleep, significant differences were demonstrated between infected and irritated states and infected and calm states, but not between irritated and calm Conclusions: The findings provide greater depth of understanding of the symptoms of pin site infection and irritation. Patients may be able to differentiate between different pin site states by comparing the magnitude of the inflammatory symptoms and the presence of other specific symptoms that relate solely to 2 infection and no other clinical state. The irritated state is probably caused by a different pathological process rather than infection and may be an indication of contact dermatitis.",
author = "Julie Santy-Tomlinson and Julie Jomeen and Ersser, {Steven Jeffrey}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher{\textquoteright}s self-archiving policy.",
year = "2019",
month = feb,
day = "25",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijotn.2019.01.002",
language = "English",
journal = "International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Patient-reported symptoms of ‘calm’, ‘irritated’ and ‘infected’ skeletal external fixator pin site wound states

T2 - a cross-sectional study

AU - Santy-Tomlinson, Julie

AU - Jomeen, Julie

AU - Ersser, Steven Jeffrey

N1 - © 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.

PY - 2019/2/25

Y1 - 2019/2/25

N2 - Objective: To explore the frequency, severity and variances in patient-reported symptoms of calm, irritated and infected skeletal pin sites. Methods: A cross-sectional within-subjects repeated-measures study was conducted, employing a self-report questionnaire. Patients (n=165) treated with lower limb external fixators at 7 English hospitals completed a designed questionnaire. Three sets of retrospective repeated-measures data were collected relating to calm, irritated and infected pin sites. Results: Significant differences were revealed between each of the three pin site states (calm, irritated & infected) in the degree of redness, swelling, itchiness, pain, wound discharge, heat/burning, shiny skin and odour. In relation to difficulty or pain using the affected arm or leg, difficulty weight bearing on the leg, nausea and/or vomiting, feeling unwell or feverish, shivering, tiredness/lethargy and disturbed sleep, significant differences were demonstrated between infected and irritated states and infected and calm states, but not between irritated and calm Conclusions: The findings provide greater depth of understanding of the symptoms of pin site infection and irritation. Patients may be able to differentiate between different pin site states by comparing the magnitude of the inflammatory symptoms and the presence of other specific symptoms that relate solely to 2 infection and no other clinical state. The irritated state is probably caused by a different pathological process rather than infection and may be an indication of contact dermatitis.

AB - Objective: To explore the frequency, severity and variances in patient-reported symptoms of calm, irritated and infected skeletal pin sites. Methods: A cross-sectional within-subjects repeated-measures study was conducted, employing a self-report questionnaire. Patients (n=165) treated with lower limb external fixators at 7 English hospitals completed a designed questionnaire. Three sets of retrospective repeated-measures data were collected relating to calm, irritated and infected pin sites. Results: Significant differences were revealed between each of the three pin site states (calm, irritated & infected) in the degree of redness, swelling, itchiness, pain, wound discharge, heat/burning, shiny skin and odour. In relation to difficulty or pain using the affected arm or leg, difficulty weight bearing on the leg, nausea and/or vomiting, feeling unwell or feverish, shivering, tiredness/lethargy and disturbed sleep, significant differences were demonstrated between infected and irritated states and infected and calm states, but not between irritated and calm Conclusions: The findings provide greater depth of understanding of the symptoms of pin site infection and irritation. Patients may be able to differentiate between different pin site states by comparing the magnitude of the inflammatory symptoms and the presence of other specific symptoms that relate solely to 2 infection and no other clinical state. The irritated state is probably caused by a different pathological process rather than infection and may be an indication of contact dermatitis.

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijotn.2019.01.002

DO - 10.1016/j.ijotn.2019.01.002

M3 - Article

JO - International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing

JF - International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing

ER -