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Patterns of arbuscular mycorrhiza colonisation of the roots of Hyacinthoides non-scripta after disruption of soil mycelium

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Patterns of arbuscular mycorrhiza colonisation of the roots of Hyacinthoides non-scripta after disruption of soil mycelium. / Merryweather, J W; Fitter, A H.

In: MYCORRHIZA, Vol. 8, No. 2, 09.1998, p. 87-91.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Merryweather, JW & Fitter, AH 1998, 'Patterns of arbuscular mycorrhiza colonisation of the roots of Hyacinthoides non-scripta after disruption of soil mycelium', MYCORRHIZA, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 87-91.

APA

Merryweather, J. W., & Fitter, A. H. (1998). Patterns of arbuscular mycorrhiza colonisation of the roots of Hyacinthoides non-scripta after disruption of soil mycelium. MYCORRHIZA, 8(2), 87-91.

Vancouver

Merryweather JW, Fitter AH. Patterns of arbuscular mycorrhiza colonisation of the roots of Hyacinthoides non-scripta after disruption of soil mycelium. MYCORRHIZA. 1998 Sep;8(2):87-91.

Author

Merryweather, J W ; Fitter, A H. / Patterns of arbuscular mycorrhiza colonisation of the roots of Hyacinthoides non-scripta after disruption of soil mycelium. In: MYCORRHIZA. 1998 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 87-91.

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@article{7c6c804512f5499f88620472f227404f,
title = "Patterns of arbuscular mycorrhiza colonisation of the roots of Hyacinthoides non-scripta after disruption of soil mycelium",
abstract = "Early-season colonisation of new roots of Hyacinthoides non-scripta (L.) Chouard ex Rothm. was investigated to determine how arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis is re-established after the annual root system is shed. During the rootless phase in summer, colonies of bulbs were removed and replanted after the soil around and below the bulb had been mixed (major disturbance) so as to disrupt the external mycelium of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. As a minor disturbance treatment, top soil was removed, bulbs were turned or not in their growth position with as little other disturbance as possible, and the top soil replaced. Control plants were left undisturbed. Half of the plants were harvested 3-4 weeks after the onset of root emergence. Populations of all AM fungi in roots were greatly reduced by major disturbance, whilst those in other treatments and controls were unaffected. At the second harvest, in spring, when shoots had emerged, root colonisation by fine endophytes and Scutellospora morphotypes developed in all treatments, whereas that of Acaulospora morphotypes remained low after major disturbance. Disturbance treatments delayed the appearance, at the second harvest, of mycorrhizas with degenerate arbuscules. Leaf phosphorus concentration was unaffected by soil disturbance, possibly due to partial recovery of AM fungal populations or buffering by resources stored in the bulb.",
keywords = "Acaulospora, Hyacinthoides non-scripta, bluebell, disturbance, Glomus, fine endophytes, phosphorus, Scutellospora, COLONIZATION, DISTURBANCE, PHOSPHORUS, MAIZE, ABSORPTION, SURVIVAL, FUNGUS, HYPHAE, FIELD",
author = "Merryweather, {J W} and Fitter, {A H}",
year = "1998",
month = sep,
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "87--91",
journal = "MYCORRHIZA",
issn = "0940-6360",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "2",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Patterns of arbuscular mycorrhiza colonisation of the roots of Hyacinthoides non-scripta after disruption of soil mycelium

AU - Merryweather, J W

AU - Fitter, A H

PY - 1998/9

Y1 - 1998/9

N2 - Early-season colonisation of new roots of Hyacinthoides non-scripta (L.) Chouard ex Rothm. was investigated to determine how arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis is re-established after the annual root system is shed. During the rootless phase in summer, colonies of bulbs were removed and replanted after the soil around and below the bulb had been mixed (major disturbance) so as to disrupt the external mycelium of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. As a minor disturbance treatment, top soil was removed, bulbs were turned or not in their growth position with as little other disturbance as possible, and the top soil replaced. Control plants were left undisturbed. Half of the plants were harvested 3-4 weeks after the onset of root emergence. Populations of all AM fungi in roots were greatly reduced by major disturbance, whilst those in other treatments and controls were unaffected. At the second harvest, in spring, when shoots had emerged, root colonisation by fine endophytes and Scutellospora morphotypes developed in all treatments, whereas that of Acaulospora morphotypes remained low after major disturbance. Disturbance treatments delayed the appearance, at the second harvest, of mycorrhizas with degenerate arbuscules. Leaf phosphorus concentration was unaffected by soil disturbance, possibly due to partial recovery of AM fungal populations or buffering by resources stored in the bulb.

AB - Early-season colonisation of new roots of Hyacinthoides non-scripta (L.) Chouard ex Rothm. was investigated to determine how arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis is re-established after the annual root system is shed. During the rootless phase in summer, colonies of bulbs were removed and replanted after the soil around and below the bulb had been mixed (major disturbance) so as to disrupt the external mycelium of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. As a minor disturbance treatment, top soil was removed, bulbs were turned or not in their growth position with as little other disturbance as possible, and the top soil replaced. Control plants were left undisturbed. Half of the plants were harvested 3-4 weeks after the onset of root emergence. Populations of all AM fungi in roots were greatly reduced by major disturbance, whilst those in other treatments and controls were unaffected. At the second harvest, in spring, when shoots had emerged, root colonisation by fine endophytes and Scutellospora morphotypes developed in all treatments, whereas that of Acaulospora morphotypes remained low after major disturbance. Disturbance treatments delayed the appearance, at the second harvest, of mycorrhizas with degenerate arbuscules. Leaf phosphorus concentration was unaffected by soil disturbance, possibly due to partial recovery of AM fungal populations or buffering by resources stored in the bulb.

KW - Acaulospora

KW - Hyacinthoides non-scripta

KW - bluebell

KW - disturbance

KW - Glomus

KW - fine endophytes

KW - phosphorus

KW - Scutellospora

KW - COLONIZATION

KW - DISTURBANCE

KW - PHOSPHORUS

KW - MAIZE

KW - ABSORPTION

KW - SURVIVAL

KW - FUNGUS

KW - HYPHAE

KW - FIELD

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 87

EP - 91

JO - MYCORRHIZA

JF - MYCORRHIZA

SN - 0940-6360

IS - 2

ER -