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Patterns of subcutaneous fat deposition and the relationship between body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio: Implications for models of physical attractiveness

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Patterns of subcutaneous fat deposition and the relationship between body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio: Implications for models of physical attractiveness. / Cornelissen, Piers L.; Tovee, Martin J.; Bateson, Melissa.

In: Journal of Theoretical Biology, Vol. 256, No. 3, 07.02.2009, p. 343-350.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Cornelissen, PL, Tovee, MJ & Bateson, M 2009, 'Patterns of subcutaneous fat deposition and the relationship between body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio: Implications for models of physical attractiveness', Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol. 256, no. 3, pp. 343-350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.09.041

APA

Cornelissen, P. L., Tovee, M. J., & Bateson, M. (2009). Patterns of subcutaneous fat deposition and the relationship between body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio: Implications for models of physical attractiveness. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 256(3), 343-350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.09.041

Vancouver

Cornelissen PL, Tovee MJ, Bateson M. Patterns of subcutaneous fat deposition and the relationship between body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio: Implications for models of physical attractiveness. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 2009 Feb 7;256(3):343-350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.09.041

Author

Cornelissen, Piers L. ; Tovee, Martin J. ; Bateson, Melissa. / Patterns of subcutaneous fat deposition and the relationship between body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio: Implications for models of physical attractiveness. In: Journal of Theoretical Biology. 2009 ; Vol. 256, No. 3. pp. 343-350.

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@article{0332271a0291418f92b53ca4989124a5,
title = "Patterns of subcutaneous fat deposition and the relationship between body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio: Implications for models of physical attractiveness",
abstract = "Body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) are two widely used anthropometric indices of body shape argued to convey different information about health and fertility. Both indices have also been shown to affect attractiveness ratings of female bodies. However, BMI and WHR are naturally positively correlated, complicating studies designed to identify their relative importance in predicting health and attractiveness outcomes. We show that the correlation between BMI and WHR depends on the assumed model of subcutaneous fat deposition. An additive model, whereby fat is added to the waist and hips at a constant rate, predicts a correlation between BMI and WHR because with increasing fat, the difference between the waist and hips becomes smaller relative to total width. This model is supported by longitudinal and cross-sectional data. We parameterised the function relating WHR to BMI for white UK females of reproductive age, and used this function to statistically decompose body shape into two independent components. We show that judgements of the attractiveness of female bodies are well explained by the component of curvaceousness related to BMI but not by residual curvaceousness. Our findings resolve a long-standing dispute in the attractiveness literature by confirming that although WHR appears to be an important predictor of attractiveness, this is largely explained by the direct effect of total body fat oil WHR, thus reinforcing the conclusion that total body fat is the primary determinant of female body shape attractiveness. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Anthropometric indices, Health outcome, Fertility, Female attractiveness, Body shape, Curvaceousness, Body mass index, Waist-to-hip ratio, Fat, HUMAN FEMALE ATTRACTIVENESS, WEIGHT CHANGE, SHAPE, OBESITY, REPLICATION, PREFERENCES, ADIPOSITY, EXTENSION, JUDGMENTS, BODIES",
author = "Cornelissen, {Piers L.} and Tovee, {Martin J.} and Melissa Bateson",
year = "2009",
month = "2",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.09.041",
language = "English",
volume = "256",
pages = "343--350",
journal = "Journal of Theoretical Biology",
issn = "0022-5193",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "3",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Patterns of subcutaneous fat deposition and the relationship between body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio: Implications for models of physical attractiveness

AU - Cornelissen, Piers L.

AU - Tovee, Martin J.

AU - Bateson, Melissa

PY - 2009/2/7

Y1 - 2009/2/7

N2 - Body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) are two widely used anthropometric indices of body shape argued to convey different information about health and fertility. Both indices have also been shown to affect attractiveness ratings of female bodies. However, BMI and WHR are naturally positively correlated, complicating studies designed to identify their relative importance in predicting health and attractiveness outcomes. We show that the correlation between BMI and WHR depends on the assumed model of subcutaneous fat deposition. An additive model, whereby fat is added to the waist and hips at a constant rate, predicts a correlation between BMI and WHR because with increasing fat, the difference between the waist and hips becomes smaller relative to total width. This model is supported by longitudinal and cross-sectional data. We parameterised the function relating WHR to BMI for white UK females of reproductive age, and used this function to statistically decompose body shape into two independent components. We show that judgements of the attractiveness of female bodies are well explained by the component of curvaceousness related to BMI but not by residual curvaceousness. Our findings resolve a long-standing dispute in the attractiveness literature by confirming that although WHR appears to be an important predictor of attractiveness, this is largely explained by the direct effect of total body fat oil WHR, thus reinforcing the conclusion that total body fat is the primary determinant of female body shape attractiveness. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - Body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) are two widely used anthropometric indices of body shape argued to convey different information about health and fertility. Both indices have also been shown to affect attractiveness ratings of female bodies. However, BMI and WHR are naturally positively correlated, complicating studies designed to identify their relative importance in predicting health and attractiveness outcomes. We show that the correlation between BMI and WHR depends on the assumed model of subcutaneous fat deposition. An additive model, whereby fat is added to the waist and hips at a constant rate, predicts a correlation between BMI and WHR because with increasing fat, the difference between the waist and hips becomes smaller relative to total width. This model is supported by longitudinal and cross-sectional data. We parameterised the function relating WHR to BMI for white UK females of reproductive age, and used this function to statistically decompose body shape into two independent components. We show that judgements of the attractiveness of female bodies are well explained by the component of curvaceousness related to BMI but not by residual curvaceousness. Our findings resolve a long-standing dispute in the attractiveness literature by confirming that although WHR appears to be an important predictor of attractiveness, this is largely explained by the direct effect of total body fat oil WHR, thus reinforcing the conclusion that total body fat is the primary determinant of female body shape attractiveness. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - Anthropometric indices

KW - Health outcome

KW - Fertility

KW - Female attractiveness

KW - Body shape

KW - Curvaceousness

KW - Body mass index

KW - Waist-to-hip ratio

KW - Fat

KW - HUMAN FEMALE ATTRACTIVENESS

KW - WEIGHT CHANGE

KW - SHAPE

KW - OBESITY

KW - REPLICATION

KW - PREFERENCES

KW - ADIPOSITY

KW - EXTENSION

KW - JUDGMENTS

KW - BODIES

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=58149131250&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.09.041

DO - 10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.09.041

M3 - Article

VL - 256

SP - 343

EP - 350

JO - Journal of Theoretical Biology

JF - Journal of Theoretical Biology

SN - 0022-5193

IS - 3

ER -