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Paying for the quantity and quality of hospital care: the foundations and evolution of payment policy in England

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JournalHealth Economics Review
DatePublished - 12 Jun 2015
Issue number1
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)1-10
Original languageEnglish


Prospective payment arrangements are now the main form of hospital funding in most developed countries. An essential component of such arrangements is the classification system used to differentiate patients according to their expected resource requirements. In this article we describe the evolution and structure of Healthcare Resource Groups (HRGs) in England and the way in which costs are calculated for patients allocated to each HRG. We then describe how payments are made, how policy has evolved to incentivise improvements in quality, and how prospective payment is being applied outside hospital settings.

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