|Title of host publication||SAS Encyclopedia of Archaeological Sciences|
|Editors||Sandra López Varela|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 23 Jul 2017|
Peat - decomposing organic matter within waterlogged anaerobic conditions - exists around the world, but predominantly in the northern hemisphere. As well as providing natural carbon sinks, peat deposits contain organic and non-organic archaeological remains alongside a wealth of microscopic information about past environments, climate and human activity. A variety of analyses and dating techniques can be applied to peat deposits. Due to contemporary pressures for fuel and agriculture, peatlands (and the archaeology and environmental archives that they contain) are increasingly under threat.