Performance Analysis of DoA Estimation for FDD Cell Free Systems Based on Compressive Sensing Technique

Hayder Almosa*, Yahya J. Harbi, Mohammed Al-Dulaimi, Alister Burr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The concept of cell free (CF) massive MIMO systems is a prospective fifth generation communication technology that effort with base stations for the privilege of user-centric coverage. Most studies on the CF massive MIMO system in the past imply that systems that use time division duplexing (TDD), even despite the systems using frequency division duplex (FDD) predominate in today’s wireless communications. When the number of antennas increases in FDD systems, channel state information (CSI) collection and feedback overhead become major issues. In order to mitigate these issues, we make use of the condition that the so-called uplink and downlink multipath components are comparable. Base station takes use of the angle reciprocity may immediately obtain information on channel parameters from the uplink training signal. In this paper, for CF massive MIMO system based on FDD, we provide compressive sensing (CS) of directions of arrival (DoAs) estimation approach of access point cooperation based on the channel parameters. The suggested estimation approach outperforms the established subspace-based technique, according to simulation findings. Additionally, we showed that the results of our compressive sensing estimator against the conventional estimation method. The former demonstrates way far better outcome and performance accordingly than the latter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-664
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Communications
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

© 2023 by the authors.


  • cell free massive MIMO systems
  • compressive sensing
  • DoA estimation
  • FDD systems

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