Personal and Community Factors as Predictors of different types of community engagement

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Citizen participation is an important element of local
democracy because it increases residents’ influence over
local community issues. Using a sample of 494 Israeli
participants, this paper examines, for the first time, the
unique and combined contribution of personal factors (self‐
esteem and mastery) and community factors (years of
activity, knowledge of local services, trust in leaders,
community commitment, and community belonging) to the
explanation of the variance in each of two types of
community engagement: development and planning, and
activism and advocacy. Data analysis included hierarchical
regression that examined all variables and possible interactions among them. The results indicate that mastery and the
community variables, except for years of activity, predict
both types of engagement. Interestingly, knowledge of
services negatively predicts both, while trust in leaders also
predicts both types of engagement, but in opposite directions. In conclusion, the paper considers how these findings
might inform community work interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1645-1665
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Community Psychology
Issue number7
Early online date3 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2019

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  • community, engagement, participation, civil society

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