Photochemical Pump and NMR Probe to monitor the formation and kinetics of hyperpolarized metal dihydrides

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On reaction of IrI(CO)(PPh 3) 21with para-hydrogen(p-H 2),Ir(H) 2I(CO)(PPh 3) 22 is formed which exhibits strongly enhanced 1H NMR signals for its hydride resonances. Complex 2 also shows similar enhancement of its NMR spectra when it is irradiated under p-H 2. We report the use of this photochemical reactivity to measure the kinetics of H 2 addition by laser-synchronized reactions in conjunction with NMR. The single laser pulse promotes the reductive elimination of H 2 from Ir(H) 2I(CO)(PPh 3) 22 in C 6D 6 solution to form the 16-electron precursor 1, back reaction with p-H 2 then reforms 2 in a well-defined nuclear spin-state. The build up of this product can be followed by incrementing a precisely controlled delay (τ), in millisecond steps, between the laser and the NMR pulse. The resulting signal vs. time profile shows a dependence on p-H 2 pressure. The plot of k obs against p-H 2 pressure is linear and yields the second order rate constant, k 2, for H 2 addition to 1 of (3.26 ± 0.42) × 10 2 M −1 s −1. Validation was achieved by transient-UV-vis absorption spectroscopy which gives k 2 of (3.06 ± 0.40) × 10 2 M −1 s −1. Furthermore, irradiation of a C 6D 6 solution of 2 with multiple laser shots, in conjunction with p-H 2 derived hyperpolarization, allows the detection and characterisation of two minor reaction products, 2a and 3, which are produced in such low yields that they are not detected without hyperpolarization. Complex 2a is a configurational isomer of 2, while 3 is formed by substitution of CO by PPh 3

Original languageEnglish
Article numberSC-EDG-05-2016-001956.R1
Pages (from-to)7087-7093
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Science
Issue number12
Early online date5 Aug 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

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