Photovoltaic hotspots: a mitigation technique and its thermal cycle

Mahmoud Dhimish, Marios Theristis, Vincenzo d’Alessandro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the rapidly evolving field of solar energy, Photovoltaic (PV) manufacturers are constantly challenged by the degradation of PV modules due to localized overheating, commonly known as hotspots. This issue not only reduce the efficiency of solar panels but, in severe cases, can lead to irreversible damage, malfunctioning, and even fire hazards. Addressing this critical challenge, our research introduces an innovative electronic device designed to effectively mitigate PV hotspots. This pioneering solution consists of a novel combination of a current comparator and a current mirror circuit. These components are uniquely integrated with an automatic switching mechanism, notably eliminating the need for traditional bypass diodes. We rigorously tested and validated this device on PV modules exhibiting both adjacent and non-adjacent hotspots. Our findings are groundbreaking: the hotspot temperatures were significantly reduced from a dangerous 55°C to a safer 35°C. Moreover, this intervention remarkably enhanced the output power of the modules by up to 5.3%. This research not only contributes a practical solution to a longstanding problem in solar panel efficiency but also opens new pathways for enhancing the safety and longevity of solar PV systems.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 15 Jan 2024

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© 2024 The Author(s).

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