Phytoremediation of explosives

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review



Publication details

JournalCritical reviews in plant sciences
DatePublished - 2002
Issue number5
Number of pages28
Pages (from-to)511-538
Original languageEnglish


There is major international concern over the widescale contamination of soil and associated groundwater by persistant explosives residues. The development of methods to remediate these contaminants has been a significant research interest for several decades. In the last 10 years, phytoremediation has emerged as a focus for explosives remediation because of its low cost, low energy requirements, and promising research observing explosives removal from contaminated groundwater and soil. More recent work has focused on the modes of transformation and metabolism of energetic compounds by plants. These biochemical studies and the experimental conditions enabling the degradation and uptake of explosives by different plant species are discussed.

    Research areas

  • plants 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), RDX (hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine, Royal Demolition Explosive), HMX (octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine, High Melting Explosive), pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN), nitroglycerin, glycerol trinitrate (GTN), remediation, phytodegradation, phytotransformation, phytoaccumulation, ARMY-AMMUNITION-PLANT, PENTAERYTHRITOL TETRANITRATE REDUCTASE, ENTEROBACTER-CLOACAE PB2, SMOOTH BROMEGRASS, CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER, TRANSFORMATION PRODUCTS, NITROAROMATIC COMPOUNDS, ENVIRONMENTAL BEHAVIOR, MYRIOPHYLLUM-AQUATICUM, SEEDLING DEVELOPMENT

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