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Pilot feasibility randomized clinical trial of negative-pressure wound therapy versus usual care in patients with surgical wounds healing by secondary intention

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JournalBritish Journal of Surgery
DateAccepted/In press - 13 Dec 2017
DateE-pub ahead of print - 23 Apr 2018
DatePublished (current) - Jun 2018
Issue number3
Volume2
Number of pages13
Pages (from-to)99-111
Early online date23/04/18
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Background
Surgical wounds healing by secondary intention (SWHSI) are increasingly being treated with negative‐pressure wound therapy (NPWT) despite a lack of high‐quality research evidence regarding its clinical and cost‐effectiveness. This pilot feasibility RCT aimed to assess the methods for and feasibility of conducting a future definitive RCT of NPWT for the treatment of SWHSI.

Methods
Eligible consenting adult patients receiving care at the study sites (2 acute and 1 community) and with a SWHSI appropriate for NPWT or wound dressing treatment were randomized 1 : 1 centrally to receive NPWT or usual care (no NPWT). Participants were followed up every 1–2 weeks for 3 months. Feasibility (recruitment rate, time to intervention delivery) and clinical (time to wound healing) outcomes were assessed.

Results
A total of 248 participants were screened for eligibility; 40 (16·1 per cent) were randomized, 19 to NPWT and 21 to usual care. Twenty‐four of the 40 wounds were located on the foot. Participants received NPWT for a median of 18 (range 0–72) days. Two participants in the NPWT group never received the intervention and 14 received NPWT within 48 h of randomization. Five participants in the usual care group received NPWT during the study. Ten of the 40 wounds were deemed to have healed during the study.

Conclusion
A full‐scale RCT to investigate the clinical and cost‐effectiveness of NPWT for SWHSI is feasible. This study identified crucial information on recruitment rates and data collection methods to consider during the design of a definitive RCT. Registration number: ISRCTN12761776 (www.iscrtn.com)

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© 2018 The Authors.

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