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Plant communities affect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and community composition in grassland microcosms

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Plant communities affect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and community composition in grassland microcosms. / Johnson, D.; Vandenkoornhuyse, P.J.; Leake, J.R.; Gilbert, L.; Booth, R.E.; Grime, J.P.; Young, J.P.W.; Read, D.J.

In: New Phytologist, Vol. 161, No. 2, 02.2004, p. 503-515.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Johnson, D, Vandenkoornhuyse, PJ, Leake, JR, Gilbert, L, Booth, RE, Grime, JP, Young, JPW & Read, DJ 2004, 'Plant communities affect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and community composition in grassland microcosms', New Phytologist, vol. 161, no. 2, pp. 503-515. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00938.x

APA

Johnson, D., Vandenkoornhuyse, P. J., Leake, J. R., Gilbert, L., Booth, R. E., Grime, J. P., ... Read, D. J. (2004). Plant communities affect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and community composition in grassland microcosms. New Phytologist, 161(2), 503-515. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00938.x

Vancouver

Johnson D, Vandenkoornhuyse PJ, Leake JR, Gilbert L, Booth RE, Grime JP et al. Plant communities affect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and community composition in grassland microcosms. New Phytologist. 2004 Feb;161(2):503-515. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00938.x

Author

Johnson, D. ; Vandenkoornhuyse, P.J. ; Leake, J.R. ; Gilbert, L. ; Booth, R.E. ; Grime, J.P. ; Young, J.P.W. ; Read, D.J. / Plant communities affect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and community composition in grassland microcosms. In: New Phytologist. 2004 ; Vol. 161, No. 2. pp. 503-515.

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@article{f21e70e4aef14f7d89342731c4ed698c,
title = "Plant communities affect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and community composition in grassland microcosms",
abstract = "The diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi was investigated in an unfertilized limestone grassland soil supporting different synthesized vascular plant assemblages that had developed for 3 yr.The experimental treatments comprised: bare soil; monocultures of the nonmycotrophic sedge Carex flacca; monocultures of the mycotrophic grass Festuca ovina; and a species-rich mixture of four forbs, four grasses and four sedges. The diversity of AM fungi was analysed in roots of Plantago lanceolata bioassay seedlings using terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP). The extent of AM colonization, shoot biomass and nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations were also measured.The AM diversity was affected significantly by the floristic composition of the microcosms and shoot phosphorus concentration was positively correlated with AM diversity. The diversity of AM fungi in P. lanceolata decreased in the order: bare soil > C. flacca > 12 species > F. ovina.The unexpectedly high diversity in the bare soil and sedge monoculture likely reflects differences in the modes of colonization and sources of inoculum in these treatments compared with the assemblages containing established AM-compatible plants.",
keywords = "terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP), arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM), plant functional type, diversity, shoot phosphorus, shoot nitrogen, HYACINTHOIDES NON-SCRIPTA, MOLECULAR DIVERSITY, GLOMUS-MOSSEAE, RIBOSOMAL-RNA, ROOTS, PATTERNS, SOIL, PRODUCTIVITY, COLONIZATION, ECOSYSTEM",
author = "D. Johnson and P.J. Vandenkoornhuyse and J.R. Leake and L. Gilbert and R.E. Booth and J.P. Grime and J.P.W. Young and D.J. Read",
note = "{\circledC} 2003 New Phytologist. www.newphytologist.org",
year = "2004",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00938.x",
language = "English",
volume = "161",
pages = "503--515",
journal = "New Phytologist",
issn = "0028-646X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Plant communities affect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and community composition in grassland microcosms

AU - Johnson, D.

AU - Vandenkoornhuyse, P.J.

AU - Leake, J.R.

AU - Gilbert, L.

AU - Booth, R.E.

AU - Grime, J.P.

AU - Young, J.P.W.

AU - Read, D.J.

N1 - © 2003 New Phytologist. www.newphytologist.org

PY - 2004/2

Y1 - 2004/2

N2 - The diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi was investigated in an unfertilized limestone grassland soil supporting different synthesized vascular plant assemblages that had developed for 3 yr.The experimental treatments comprised: bare soil; monocultures of the nonmycotrophic sedge Carex flacca; monocultures of the mycotrophic grass Festuca ovina; and a species-rich mixture of four forbs, four grasses and four sedges. The diversity of AM fungi was analysed in roots of Plantago lanceolata bioassay seedlings using terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP). The extent of AM colonization, shoot biomass and nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations were also measured.The AM diversity was affected significantly by the floristic composition of the microcosms and shoot phosphorus concentration was positively correlated with AM diversity. The diversity of AM fungi in P. lanceolata decreased in the order: bare soil > C. flacca > 12 species > F. ovina.The unexpectedly high diversity in the bare soil and sedge monoculture likely reflects differences in the modes of colonization and sources of inoculum in these treatments compared with the assemblages containing established AM-compatible plants.

AB - The diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi was investigated in an unfertilized limestone grassland soil supporting different synthesized vascular plant assemblages that had developed for 3 yr.The experimental treatments comprised: bare soil; monocultures of the nonmycotrophic sedge Carex flacca; monocultures of the mycotrophic grass Festuca ovina; and a species-rich mixture of four forbs, four grasses and four sedges. The diversity of AM fungi was analysed in roots of Plantago lanceolata bioassay seedlings using terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP). The extent of AM colonization, shoot biomass and nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations were also measured.The AM diversity was affected significantly by the floristic composition of the microcosms and shoot phosphorus concentration was positively correlated with AM diversity. The diversity of AM fungi in P. lanceolata decreased in the order: bare soil > C. flacca > 12 species > F. ovina.The unexpectedly high diversity in the bare soil and sedge monoculture likely reflects differences in the modes of colonization and sources of inoculum in these treatments compared with the assemblages containing established AM-compatible plants.

KW - terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP), arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM), plant functional type

KW - diversity

KW - shoot phosphorus, shoot nitrogen

KW - HYACINTHOIDES NON-SCRIPTA

KW - MOLECULAR DIVERSITY

KW - GLOMUS-MOSSEAE

KW - RIBOSOMAL-RNA

KW - ROOTS

KW - PATTERNS

KW - SOIL

KW - PRODUCTIVITY

KW - COLONIZATION

KW - ECOSYSTEM

U2 - 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00938.x

DO - 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00938.x

M3 - Article

VL - 161

SP - 503

EP - 515

JO - New Phytologist

JF - New Phytologist

SN - 0028-646X

IS - 2

ER -