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Plant silicon effects on insect feeding dynamics are influenced by plant nitrogen availability

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Plant silicon effects on insect feeding dynamics are influenced by plant nitrogen availability. / Moise, Eric R.D.; McNeil, Jeremy N.; Hartley, Susan E ; Henry, Hugh A.L.

In: Entomologia experimentalis et applicata, Vol. 167, No. 2, 02.2019, p. 91-97.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Moise, ERD, McNeil, JN, Hartley, SE & Henry, HAL 2019, 'Plant silicon effects on insect feeding dynamics are influenced by plant nitrogen availability', Entomologia experimentalis et applicata, vol. 167, no. 2, pp. 91-97. https://doi.org/10.1111/eea.12750

APA

Moise, E. R. D., McNeil, J. N., Hartley, S. E., & Henry, H. A. L. (2019). Plant silicon effects on insect feeding dynamics are influenced by plant nitrogen availability. Entomologia experimentalis et applicata, 167(2), 91-97. https://doi.org/10.1111/eea.12750

Vancouver

Moise ERD, McNeil JN, Hartley SE, Henry HAL. Plant silicon effects on insect feeding dynamics are influenced by plant nitrogen availability. Entomologia experimentalis et applicata. 2019 Feb;167(2):91-97. https://doi.org/10.1111/eea.12750

Author

Moise, Eric R.D. ; McNeil, Jeremy N. ; Hartley, Susan E ; Henry, Hugh A.L. / Plant silicon effects on insect feeding dynamics are influenced by plant nitrogen availability. In: Entomologia experimentalis et applicata. 2019 ; Vol. 167, No. 2. pp. 91-97.

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@article{732bf047557c4c4ca346c16915f3d054,
title = "Plant silicon effects on insect feeding dynamics are influenced by plant nitrogen availability",
abstract = "Although there is growing evidence that silicon (Si)‐based plant defenses effectively reduce both the palatability and digestibility of leaves, and thus impact nutrient assimilation by insect herbivores, much less is known about how this is affected by extrinsic and intrinsic factors. For example, do herbivores exhibit compensatory feeding on poor‐quality diets with Si or are Si defenses less effective in agroecosystems where high N availability increases plant quality? To investigate the interactive effects of N and Si on insect feeding, we conducted insect performance and compensatory feeding bioassays using maize, Zea mays L. (Poaceae), and the true armyworm, Pseudeletia unipuncta Haworth (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). In the performance assay, the addition of Si alone resulted in increased larval mortality compared with the controls, likely because early instars with poorly developed mandibles could not feed effectively. However, larvae fed on plants treated with both Si and N survived better than on plants treated with Si only, although pupal mass did not differ between treatments. In our compensatory assay, Si addition reduced maize consumption, but increased both armyworm approximate digestibility and N assimilation efficiency, suggesting that enhanced post‐ingestion feeding physiology, rather than compensatory food intake, could have accounted for the lack of Si effects on pupal weight. Overall, our results demonstrate that, similar to other chemical and mechanical defenses, the effectiveness of plant Si defense is influenced by plant nutrient status and consumer compensatory ability.",
keywords = "Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Pseudeletia unipuncta, Zea mays, armyworm, compensatory response, consumer, fitness, herbivory, maize, plant defense",
author = "Moise, {Eric R.D.} and McNeil, {Jeremy N.} and Hartley, {Susan E} and Henry, {Hugh A.L.}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2019 The Netherlands Entomological Society.",
year = "2019",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1111/eea.12750",
language = "English",
volume = "167",
pages = "91--97",
journal = "Entomologia experimentalis et applicata",
issn = "0013-8703",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Plant silicon effects on insect feeding dynamics are influenced by plant nitrogen availability

AU - Moise, Eric R.D.

AU - McNeil, Jeremy N.

AU - Hartley, Susan E

AU - Henry, Hugh A.L.

N1 - © 2019 The Netherlands Entomological Society.

PY - 2019/2

Y1 - 2019/2

N2 - Although there is growing evidence that silicon (Si)‐based plant defenses effectively reduce both the palatability and digestibility of leaves, and thus impact nutrient assimilation by insect herbivores, much less is known about how this is affected by extrinsic and intrinsic factors. For example, do herbivores exhibit compensatory feeding on poor‐quality diets with Si or are Si defenses less effective in agroecosystems where high N availability increases plant quality? To investigate the interactive effects of N and Si on insect feeding, we conducted insect performance and compensatory feeding bioassays using maize, Zea mays L. (Poaceae), and the true armyworm, Pseudeletia unipuncta Haworth (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). In the performance assay, the addition of Si alone resulted in increased larval mortality compared with the controls, likely because early instars with poorly developed mandibles could not feed effectively. However, larvae fed on plants treated with both Si and N survived better than on plants treated with Si only, although pupal mass did not differ between treatments. In our compensatory assay, Si addition reduced maize consumption, but increased both armyworm approximate digestibility and N assimilation efficiency, suggesting that enhanced post‐ingestion feeding physiology, rather than compensatory food intake, could have accounted for the lack of Si effects on pupal weight. Overall, our results demonstrate that, similar to other chemical and mechanical defenses, the effectiveness of plant Si defense is influenced by plant nutrient status and consumer compensatory ability.

AB - Although there is growing evidence that silicon (Si)‐based plant defenses effectively reduce both the palatability and digestibility of leaves, and thus impact nutrient assimilation by insect herbivores, much less is known about how this is affected by extrinsic and intrinsic factors. For example, do herbivores exhibit compensatory feeding on poor‐quality diets with Si or are Si defenses less effective in agroecosystems where high N availability increases plant quality? To investigate the interactive effects of N and Si on insect feeding, we conducted insect performance and compensatory feeding bioassays using maize, Zea mays L. (Poaceae), and the true armyworm, Pseudeletia unipuncta Haworth (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). In the performance assay, the addition of Si alone resulted in increased larval mortality compared with the controls, likely because early instars with poorly developed mandibles could not feed effectively. However, larvae fed on plants treated with both Si and N survived better than on plants treated with Si only, although pupal mass did not differ between treatments. In our compensatory assay, Si addition reduced maize consumption, but increased both armyworm approximate digestibility and N assimilation efficiency, suggesting that enhanced post‐ingestion feeding physiology, rather than compensatory food intake, could have accounted for the lack of Si effects on pupal weight. Overall, our results demonstrate that, similar to other chemical and mechanical defenses, the effectiveness of plant Si defense is influenced by plant nutrient status and consumer compensatory ability.

KW - Lepidoptera

KW - Noctuidae

KW - Pseudeletia unipuncta

KW - Zea mays

KW - armyworm

KW - compensatory response

KW - consumer

KW - fitness

KW - herbivory

KW - maize

KW - plant defense

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85061053306&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/eea.12750

DO - 10.1111/eea.12750

M3 - Article

VL - 167

SP - 91

EP - 97

JO - Entomologia experimentalis et applicata

JF - Entomologia experimentalis et applicata

SN - 0013-8703

IS - 2

ER -