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Pollen from Late Pleistocene hyena (Crocuta crocuta spelaea) coprolites: an interdisciplinary approach from two Italian sites

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Author(s)

  • Maurizio Gatta
  • Gaia Sinopoli
  • Marco Giardini
  • Biagio Giaccio
  • Irka Hadjas
  • Luca Pandolfi
  • Geoff Bailey
  • Penny Spikins
  • Mario Rolfo
  • Laura Sadori

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalReview of Palaeobotany and Palynology
DateAccepted/In press - 4 Jul 2016
DateE-pub ahead of print - 18 Jul 2016
DatePublished (current) - Oct 2016
Volume233
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)56-66
Early online date18/07/16
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Palynology of fossil faeces is still extremely rare and its contribution to the interpretation of the environment undervalued. In this paper we present the results of pollen analysis performed on cave hyena coprolites [Crocuta crocuta spelaea (Goldfuss, 1832)] from Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS 3) sites of Cava Muracci (Cisterna di Latina, central Italy) and Tana delle Iene (Ceglie Messapica, southern Italy). This study provides new insights into the vegetation of the Late Pleistocene of peninsular Italy, until now known only through long pollen records. It also shows how the content of coprolites, combined with faunal data and geochronological investigations, can represent a potential integrative source of palaeoclimatic proxy data. Our results indicate that the surroundings of both of the hyena dens were characterised by a patchy landscape with open lowlands dominated by steppe and grassland vegetation, while a few mesophilous and thermophilous trees were present in more humid areas, probably along the marine coast and inland. The harsh glacial climate appears to have been milder at Cava Muracci than at Tana delle Iene. This could be due either to the different environmental features of the two sites or to the high climatic variability that occurred during MIS3.

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© 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

    Research areas

  • Central Mediterranean , Hyena coprolites , Environmental changes, Marine Isotope Stage 3, Palaeoecology , Palynology

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