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Polysaccharide-Derived Carbons for Polar Analyte Separations

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JournalADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS
DatePublished - 9 Jun 2010
Issue number11
Volume20
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)1834-1841
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Highly mesoporous (Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area, S-BET > 200 m(2) g(-1); mesopore volume > 1 cm(3)g(-1)) carbonaceous materials are prepared in a truly sustainable manner, from the naturally occurring polysaccharide alginic acid. This approach yields large mesoporous materials (pore diameter > 14 nm) significantly without the use of a template or carbonization catalyst. The direct thermal decomposition of mesoporous forms of the acidic polysaccharide allows for an extremely flexible material preparation strategy. Materials can be prepared at any desired carbonization temperature (e.g., 200-1000 degrees C), possessing similar textural properties, but progressively presenting more uniform surface functionality through this temperature range, from more oxygenated surfaces at low temperatures to increasingly aromatic/graphitic-like surfaces. The high-temperature material (i.e., 1000 degrees C), while predominantly amorphous, presents some short range (turbostratic) ordering, providing sufficiently polarizable surfaces on which to perform challenging liquid phase separations of polar sugar analytes.

    Research areas

  • POROUS GRAPHITIC CARBON, IONIZATION MASS-SPECTROMETRY, TUNABLE MESOPOROUS MATERIALS, LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY, HYDROTHERMAL CARBONIZATION, ACTIVATED CARBON, PALLADIUM NANOPARTICLES, SURFACE GROUPS, ALGINIC ACID, ADSORPTION

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