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Poor allocation concealment methods are associated with heterogeneity in age and statistical significance of the primary outcome: Review of recent trials published in four general medical journals

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Poor allocation concealment methods are associated with heterogeneity in age and statistical significance of the primary outcome : Review of recent trials published in four general medical journals. / Mitchell, Alex; Moe-Byrne, Thirimon; Cunningham-Burley, Rachel; Dean, Alexandra; Rangan, Aditi; Roche, Jenny; Torgerson, David J.

In: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 12.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Harvard

Mitchell, A, Moe-Byrne, T, Cunningham-Burley, R, Dean, A, Rangan, A, Roche, J & Torgerson, DJ 2019, 'Poor allocation concealment methods are associated with heterogeneity in age and statistical significance of the primary outcome: Review of recent trials published in four general medical journals', Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/jep.13313

APA

Mitchell, A., Moe-Byrne, T., Cunningham-Burley, R., Dean, A., Rangan, A., Roche, J., & Torgerson, D. J. (2019). Poor allocation concealment methods are associated with heterogeneity in age and statistical significance of the primary outcome: Review of recent trials published in four general medical journals. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/jep.13313

Vancouver

Mitchell A, Moe-Byrne T, Cunningham-Burley R, Dean A, Rangan A, Roche J et al. Poor allocation concealment methods are associated with heterogeneity in age and statistical significance of the primary outcome: Review of recent trials published in four general medical journals. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2019 Dec 12. https://doi.org/10.1111/jep.13313

Author

Mitchell, Alex ; Moe-Byrne, Thirimon ; Cunningham-Burley, Rachel ; Dean, Alexandra ; Rangan, Aditi ; Roche, Jenny ; Torgerson, David J. / Poor allocation concealment methods are associated with heterogeneity in age and statistical significance of the primary outcome : Review of recent trials published in four general medical journals. In: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2019.

Bibtex - Download

@article{b9b5430c9f544ef58b3d9c3d0e6aeb24,
title = "Poor allocation concealment methods are associated with heterogeneity in age and statistical significance of the primary outcome: Review of recent trials published in four general medical journals",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of the quality of allocation concealment with heterogeneity in age, the P value of the primary outcome and statistical significance of the primary outcome.STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We extracted data from articles published in four major medical journals in 2017 and 2018 that reported the results of randomized controlled trials. The outcome measures were the quality of allocation concealment used in the trial, the P value of the primary outcome, whether the P value of the primary outcome was statistically significant and the level of heterogeneity in age between the treatment groups (measured using the I2 statistic). The association between the quality of allocation concealment and the P value of the primary outcome was assessed using a kernel density plot, while the association between the quality of allocation concealment and whether the P value was statistically significant was assessed using logistic regression.RESULTS: Trials that used inadequate concealment methods were more likely to report statistically significant findings than trials that used good or adequate methods (OR 1.90; 95% CI: 0.91 to 3.95; P = .09). The values of I2 for trials that used good, adequate, inadequate and unclear concealment methods were 0%, 1.0%, 32.6%, and 93.8%, respectively.CONCLUSION: There is evidence of an association between poor allocation concealment methods and statistical significance of the primary outcome. Trials that use inadequate allocation concealment methods are more likely to have statistically significant P values compared with trials using good or adequate allocation concealment methods.",
author = "Alex Mitchell and Thirimon Moe-Byrne and Rachel Cunningham-Burley and Alexandra Dean and Aditi Rangan and Jenny Roche and Torgerson, {David J}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher{\textquoteright}s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.",
year = "2019",
month = dec,
day = "12",
doi = "10.1111/jep.13313",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice",
issn = "1356-1294",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Poor allocation concealment methods are associated with heterogeneity in age and statistical significance of the primary outcome

T2 - Review of recent trials published in four general medical journals

AU - Mitchell, Alex

AU - Moe-Byrne, Thirimon

AU - Cunningham-Burley, Rachel

AU - Dean, Alexandra

AU - Rangan, Aditi

AU - Roche, Jenny

AU - Torgerson, David J

N1 - © 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

PY - 2019/12/12

Y1 - 2019/12/12

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of the quality of allocation concealment with heterogeneity in age, the P value of the primary outcome and statistical significance of the primary outcome.STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We extracted data from articles published in four major medical journals in 2017 and 2018 that reported the results of randomized controlled trials. The outcome measures were the quality of allocation concealment used in the trial, the P value of the primary outcome, whether the P value of the primary outcome was statistically significant and the level of heterogeneity in age between the treatment groups (measured using the I2 statistic). The association between the quality of allocation concealment and the P value of the primary outcome was assessed using a kernel density plot, while the association between the quality of allocation concealment and whether the P value was statistically significant was assessed using logistic regression.RESULTS: Trials that used inadequate concealment methods were more likely to report statistically significant findings than trials that used good or adequate methods (OR 1.90; 95% CI: 0.91 to 3.95; P = .09). The values of I2 for trials that used good, adequate, inadequate and unclear concealment methods were 0%, 1.0%, 32.6%, and 93.8%, respectively.CONCLUSION: There is evidence of an association between poor allocation concealment methods and statistical significance of the primary outcome. Trials that use inadequate allocation concealment methods are more likely to have statistically significant P values compared with trials using good or adequate allocation concealment methods.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of the quality of allocation concealment with heterogeneity in age, the P value of the primary outcome and statistical significance of the primary outcome.STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We extracted data from articles published in four major medical journals in 2017 and 2018 that reported the results of randomized controlled trials. The outcome measures were the quality of allocation concealment used in the trial, the P value of the primary outcome, whether the P value of the primary outcome was statistically significant and the level of heterogeneity in age between the treatment groups (measured using the I2 statistic). The association between the quality of allocation concealment and the P value of the primary outcome was assessed using a kernel density plot, while the association between the quality of allocation concealment and whether the P value was statistically significant was assessed using logistic regression.RESULTS: Trials that used inadequate concealment methods were more likely to report statistically significant findings than trials that used good or adequate methods (OR 1.90; 95% CI: 0.91 to 3.95; P = .09). The values of I2 for trials that used good, adequate, inadequate and unclear concealment methods were 0%, 1.0%, 32.6%, and 93.8%, respectively.CONCLUSION: There is evidence of an association between poor allocation concealment methods and statistical significance of the primary outcome. Trials that use inadequate allocation concealment methods are more likely to have statistically significant P values compared with trials using good or adequate allocation concealment methods.

U2 - 10.1111/jep.13313

DO - 10.1111/jep.13313

M3 - Review article

C2 - 31828920

JO - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice

JF - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice

SN - 1356-1294

ER -