POP-type ligands: Variable coordination and hemilabile behaviour

Gemma M. Adams*, Andrew S. Weller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Hemilabile ligands – ligands containing two or more potential donors to a metal centre, of which one or more can dissociate – have the ability to provide a transition metal complex with open coordination sites at which reactivity can occur, or stabilise low coordinate intermediates along reaction pathways. POP-type ligands and in particular POP, Xantphos, DBFphos and DPEphos-based ligands contain three possible binding sites: two phosphines and an ether linker, thus have the potential to show κ1-, κ2- or κ3-binding modes. This review summarises the examples where POP-type ligands display hemilabile, or closely related variable coordination, characteristics in either synthesis or catalysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-172
Number of pages23
Early online date1 Sept 2017
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2018

Bibliographical note

© 2017 The Authors


  • Catalysis
  • DPEphos
  • Hemilabile ligands
  • POP ligands
  • Variable coordination modes
  • Xantphos

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