Potential controls of isoprene in the surface ocean

Sina Hackenberg, Stephen Joseph Andrews, R. Airs, S. R. Arnold, Heather Bouman, R. J. W. Brewin, Rosemary Jane Chance, D. Cummings, G. Dall'Olmo, Alastair Lewis, Jamie K Minaeian, K. M. Reifel, A. Small, G. A. Tarran, G. H. Tilstone, Lucy Jane Carpenter

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Isoprene surface ocean concentrations and vertical distribution, atmospheric mixing ratios, and calculated sea-to-air fluxes spanning approximately 125° of latitude (80°N–45°S) over the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans are reported. Oceanic isoprene concentrations were associated with a number of concurrently monitored biological variables including chlorophyll a (Chl a), photoprotective pigments, integrated primary production (intPP), and cyanobacterial cell counts, with higher isoprene concentrations relative to all respective variables found at sea surface temperatures greater than 20°C. The correlation between isoprene and the sum of photoprotective carotenoids, which is reported here for the first time, was the most consistent across all cruises. Parameterizations based on linear regression analyses of these relationships perform well for Arctic and Atlantic data, producing a better fit to observations than an existing Chl a-based parameterization. Global extrapolation of isoprene surface water concentrations using satellite-derived Chl a and intPP reproduced general trends in the in situ data and absolute values within a factor of 2 between 60% and 85%, depending on the data set and algorithm used.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberGBC20531
Pages (from-to)644-662
JournalGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles
Issue number4
Early online date13 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2017

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