Potential Linkages Between Social Capital, Flood Risk Perceptions, and Self-Efficacy

Paul Hudson*, Liselotte Hagedoorn, Philip Bubeck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A growing focus is being placed on both individuals and communities to adapt to flooding as part of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. Adaptation to flooding requires sufficient social capital (linkages between members of society), risk perceptions (understanding of risk), and self-efficacy (self-perceived ability to limit disaster impacts) to be effective. However, there is limited understanding of how social capital, risk perceptions, and self-efficacy interact. We seek to explore how social capital interacts with variables known to increase the likelihood of successful adaptation. To study these linkages we analyze survey data of 1010 respondents across two communities in Thua Tien-Hue Province in central Vietnam, using ordered probit models. We find positive correlations between social capital, risk perceptions, and self-efficacy overall. This is a partly contrary finding to what was found in previous studies linking these concepts in Europe, which may be a result from the difference in risk context. The absence of an overall negative exchange between these factors has positive implications for proactive flood risk adaptation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-262
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge funding received from the Global Resilience Partnership (GRP) through the Water Window’s ResilNam Coastal and ResilNam Urban projects as funded by the Z Zurich Foundation. The funder had no direct input on the research conducted or the ability to publish the paper.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, The Author(s).


  • Flood risk
  • Protection motivation theory
  • Risk perceptions
  • Self-efficacy
  • Social capital
  • Vietnam

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