Probabilistic robotic logic programming with hybrid Boolean and Bayesian inference

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Bayesian inference provides a probabilistic reasoning process for drawing conclusions based on imprecise and uncertain data that has been successful in many applications within robotics and information processing, but is most often considered in terms of data analysis rather than synthesis of behaviours. This paper presents the use of Bayesian inference as a means by which to perform Boolean operations in a logic programme while incorporating and propagating uncertainty information through logic operations by inference. Boolean logic operations are implemented in a Bayesian network of Bernoulli random variables with tensor-based discrete distributions to enable probabilistic hybrid logic programming of a robot. This enables Bayesian inference operations to coexist with Boolean logic in a unified system while retaining the ability to capture uncertainty by means of discrete probability distributions. Using a discrete Bayesian network with both Boolean and Bayesian elements, the proposed methodology is applied to navigate a mobile robot using hybrid Bayesian and Boolean operations to illustrate how this new approach improves robotic performance by inclusion of uncertainty without increasing the number of logic elements required. As any logical system could be programmed in this manner to integrate uncertainty into decision-making, this methodology can benefit a wide range of applications that use discrete or probabilistic logic.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages32
Early online date25 Sept 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Sept 2023

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© The Author(s), 2023.

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