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From the same journal

Probing the Origin of Interfacial Carriers in SrTiO3-LaCrO3 Superlattices

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Published copy (DOI)


  • Ryan B. Comes
  • Steven R. Spurgeon
  • Despoina M. Kepaptsoglou
  • Mark H. Engelhard
  • Daniel E. Perea
  • Tiffany C. Kaspar
  • Quentin M Ramasse
  • Peter V. Sushko
  • Scott A. Chambers


Publication details

JournalChemistry of Materials
DatePublished - 14 Feb 2017
Issue number3
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)1147-1155
Original languageEnglish


Emergent phenomena at complex oxide interfaces could provide the basis for a wide variety of next-generation devices, including photovoltaics and spintronics. To date, detailed characterization and computational modeling of interfacial defects, cation intermixing, and film stoichiometry have helped to explain many of the novel behaviors observed at a single heterojunction. Unfortunately, many of the techniques employed to characterize a single heterojunction are less effective for a superlattice made up of a repeating series of interfaces that induce collective interfacial phenomena throughout a film. These repeating interfaces present an untapped opportunity to introduce an additional degree of complexity, such as confined electric fields, that cannot be realized in a single heterojunction. In this work, we explore the properties of SrTiO3-LaCrO3 superlattices to understand the role of defects, including variations in cation stoichiometry of individual layers of the superlattice, intermixing across interfaces, and interfacial oxygen vacancies. Using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning transmission electron microscopy electron energy-loss spectroscopy (STEM-EELS), we quantify the stoichiometry of individual layers of the superlattice and determine the degree of intermixing in these materials. By comparing these results to both density functional theory (DFT) models and STEM-EELS measurements of the Ti and Cr valence in each layer of the superlattice, we correlate different types of defects with the associated materials properties of the superlattice. We show that a combination of ab initio modeling and complementary structural characterization methods can offer unique insight into structure-property relationships in many oxide superlattice systems.

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