Qualitative exploration of factors affecting progress in antipoverty interventions: experiences from a poverty-reduction program in Bangladesh

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Understanding and addressing the factors that affect progress in antipoverty interventions is central to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. In Bangladesh this topic has been largely explored through quantitative approaches, and we believe in-depth qualitative analyses of household dynamics in the context of antipoverty interventions is lacking. This article addresses this lacuna. Based on 49 focus group discussions and 15 case studies, we analyse livelihood dynamics of beneficiary households within a national extreme poverty alleviation program. We identify five determining factors to the effectiveness of antipoverty interventions: 1) health shocks, natural hazards, and vulnerabilities; 2) household demography; 3) inappropriate IGA planning, implementation, and monitoring; 4) dependence/inaction; and 5) political and social instability. We argue that livelihood-based antipoverty initiatives often fail because they do not address these five factors, and call for a comprehensive approach that prioritises them in program design.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1602986
Number of pages16
JournalCogent Social Sciences
Issue number1
Early online date3 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2019

Bibliographical note

© 2019 The Author(s).


  • antipoverty programme
  • Bangladesh
  • extreme poverty
  • livelihood
  • NGO
  • poverty reduction
  • qualitative study

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