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Qubit-flip-induced cavity mode squeezing in the strong dispersive regime of the quantum Rabi model

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JournalScientific Reports
DateSubmitted - 30 Dec 2016
DateAccepted/In press - 28 Feb 2017
DateE-pub ahead of print - 30 Mar 2017
DatePublished (current) - 30 Mar 2017
Volume7
Early online date30/03/17
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Squeezed states of light are a set of nonclassical states in which the quantum fluctuations of one quadrature component are reduced below the standard quantum limit. With less noise than the best stabilised laser sources, squeezed light is a key resource in the field of quantum technologies and has already improved sensing capabilities in areas ranging from gravitational wave detection to biomedical applications. In this work we propose a novel technique for generating squeezed states of a confined light field strongly coupled to a two-level system, or qubit, in the dispersive regime. Utilising the dispersive energy shift caused by the interaction, control of the qubit state produces a time-dependent change in the frequency of the light field. An appropriately timed sequence of sudden frequency changes reduces the quantum noise fluctuations in one quadrature of the field well below the standard quantum limit. The degree of squeezing and the time of generation are directly controlled by the number of frequency shifts applied. Even in the presence of realistic noise and imperfections, our protocol promises to be capable of generating a useful degree of squeezing with present experimental capabilities.

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