Radical damage to proteins studied by EPR spin-trapping techniques

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Published copy (DOI)

Author(s)

  • J L Clement
  • B C Gilbert
  • A Rockenbauer
  • P Tordo

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalJOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-PERKIN TRANSACTIONS 2
DatePublished - Sep 2001
Issue number9
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)1463-1470
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

We report the use of the novel spin trap DEPMPO in conjunction with EPR spectroscopy to provide evidence for free-radical mediated oxidation of some proteins in aqueous solution, with systems including metal ions, peroxides or both. In addition we have used a novel approach involving detailed spectral simulation (to reproduce anisotropic features of phosphorus, hydrogen and nitrogen splittings) to confirm structural assignments.

Oxidation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) with either Ce4+ or IrCl62- leads to the predominant formation of spin-trapped oxygen-centred free-radicals, attributed to tyrosyl-based adducts, a reaction also observed for sulfur-free analogues (lysozyme and tyrosine-containing models). Similar spectra were obtained from reactions involving oxidation with HRP/H2O2 and methaemoglobin/H2O2 couples, through intermolecular oxidation of the proteins via oxo-iron intermediates.

Oxidation of BSA with peroxynitrite leads to an anisotropic spectrum which is assigned to the trapping of a sulfur-centred radical. This assignment has been confirmed via denaturation of the spin-adduct (and simulation of the resulting less immobilized spectrum). Reaction of the hydroxyl radical with BSA and lysozyme, in Fenton-type reactions, leads to the detection of anisotropic spectra derived from the spin-trapping of carbon-centred radicals, whose assignment is discussed.

    Research areas

  • OXYGEN-CENTERED RADICALS, BOVINE SERUM-ALBUMIN, HYDROGEN-PEROXIDE, PHOSPHORYLATED NITRONE, IN-VITRO, N-OXIDE, PEROXYNITRITE, METMYOGLOBIN, OXIDATION, THIYL

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