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Rational steering of insulin binding specificity by intra-chain chemical crosslinking

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Author(s)

  • Jitka Viková
  • Michaela Collinsová
  • Emília Kletvíková
  • Miloš Budšínský
  • Lenka Záková
  • Václav Veverka
  • Rozálie Hexnerová
  • Roberto J Tarazona Aviñó
  • Jana Straková
  • Irena Selicharová
  • Václav Vank
  • Daniel W. Wright
  • Christopher J. Watson
  • Johan P. Turkenburg
  • Andrzej M. Brzozowski
  • Jí Jiráek

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Publication details

JournalScientific Reports
DateAccepted/In press - 11 Dec 2015
DatePublished (current) - 21 Jan 2016
Volume6
Number of pages12
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Insulin is a key hormone of human metabolism with major therapeutic importance for both types of diabetes. New insulin analogues with more physiological profiles and better glycemic control are needed, especially analogues that preferentially bind to the metabolic B-isoform of insulin receptor (IR-B). Here, we aimed to stabilize and modulate the receptor-compatible conformation of insulin by covalent intra-chain crosslinking within its B22-B30 segment, using the Cu I -catalyzed Huisgen 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of azides and alkynes. This approach resulted in 14 new, systematically crosslinked insulin analogues whose structures and functions were extensively characterized and correlated. One of the analogues, containing a B26-B29 triazole bridge, was highly active in binding to both IR isoforms, with a significant preference for IR-B. Our results demonstrate the potential of chemistry-driven modulation of insulin function, also shedding new light on the functional importance of hormones B-chain C-terminus for its IR-B specificity.

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