Rationalizing the Takaful organizational form with institutional theory

Maryam Alhalboni, Muhammed Shahid Ebrahim, Wahyu Jatmiko

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This article examines the organizational structure of Takaful ('Islamic' insurance) as it constitutes an interesting case study of a relatively inefficient system that has grown in popularity. This challenges the neoclassical economics view that the most efficient organizational form succeeds. We employ institutional theory to shed light on this puzzle. We realize the resolve of Muslim religious scholars and their political Islamic compatriots to regain legitimacy is the primary reason why this inefficient institution exists. Our results in this form of insurance lead us to question the ideology of blending religious values in the broad financial services sector. We conclude that it will ultimately lead to financial regression, perpetuate the further decline of the emerging Muslim economies and reinforce the spatial disparities between them and the developed world.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Banking and Finance in Emerging Markets
EditorsDuc Nguyen
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781800880900
ISBN (Print)9781800880894
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2022


  • Agency issues
  • cultural political economy
  • financial development
  • Gharar (legal ambiguity)
  • institutional theory
  • Maqāsid al-Sharī'ah (objectives of the Islamic law)
  • neo-institutionalism; organizational efficiency
  • political Islam; Takaful ('Islamic' insurance)

Cite this