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Reactive quenching of electronically excited NO2 -and NO3 -by H2O as potential sources of atmospheric HOx radicals

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JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
DateAccepted/In press - 19 Sep 2018
DatePublished (current) - 2 Oct 2018
Issue number19
Volume18
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)14005-14015
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Pulsed laser excitation of NO2 (532-647 nm) or NO3 (623-662 nm) in the presence of H2O was used to initiate the gas-phase reaction NO2 -+ H2O → products (Reaction R5) and NO3 -+ H2O → products (Reaction R12). No evidence for OH production in Reactions (R5) or (R12) was observed and upper limits for OH production of k5b•k5 < 1×10'5 and k12b•k12 < 0.03 were assigned. The upper limit for k5b•k5 renders this reaction insignificant as a source of OH in the atmosphere and extends the studies (Crowley and Carl, 1997; Carr et al., 2009; Amedro et al., 2011) which demonstrate that the previously reported large OH yield by Li et al. (2008) was erroneous. The upper limit obtained for k12b•k12 indicates that non-reactive energy transfer is the dominant mechanism for Reaction (R12), though generation of small but significant amounts of atmospheric HOx and HONO cannot be ruled out. In the course of this work, rate coefficients for overall removal of NO3 -by N2 (Reaction R10) and by H2O (Reaction R12) were determined: k10 Combining double low line (2.1±0.1) × 10'11 cm3 molecule'1 s'1 and k12 Combining double low line (1.6±0.3) × 10'10 cm3 molecule'1 s'1. Our value of k12 is more than a factor of 4 smaller than the single previously reported value.

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© 2018, The Author(s).

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