To meet decarbonisation goals and implement a more sustainable circular economy model, the chemical industry needs to transition from fossil to renewable sources of carbon. Current chemical production is dominated by petroleum, where this broadly uniform feedstock is separated using a single, simple process to give a small range of heteroatom-free molecules that are the platform to a myriad of products. In a biorefinery, however, many feedstocks of widely varying composition using markedly different technologies are processed to give one or two of a wide range of bioderived platform molecules. Here, recent publications are used to highlight selection of the most suitable second or third generation feedstocks, converted using integrated, complementary processes to generate multiple products. This approach generates a range of chemicals, more fully using the carbon source of choice in a sustainable manner, generating more value, which together makes the realisation of the biorefinery concept draw ever closer.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry|
|Early online date||14 Dec 2019|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2020|