Reconciling Marginalism with Egalitarianism: consistency, monotonicity, and implementation of egalitarian Shapley values

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Yuan Ju
  • Rene van den Brink
  • Yukihiko Funaki


Publication details

JournalSocial Choice and Welfare
DateE-pub ahead of print - 22 Dec 2011
DatePublished (current) - 1 Mar 2013
Issue number3
Number of pages22
Pages (from-to)693-714
Early online date22/12/11
Original languageEnglish


One of the main issues in economic allocation problems is the trade-off between marginalism and egalitarianism. In the context of cooperative games this trade-off can be framed as one of choosing to allocate according to the Shapley value or the equal division solution. In this paper we provide three different characterizations of egalitarian Shapley values being convex combinations of the Shapley value and the equal division solution. First, from the perspective of a variable player set, we show that all these solutions satisfy the same reduced game consistency. Second, on a fixed player set, we characterize this class of solutions using monotonicity properties. Finally, towards a strategic foundation, we provide a non-cooperative implementation for these solutions which only differ in the probability of breakdown at a certain stage of the game. These characterizations discover fundamental differences as well as intriguing connections between marginalism and egalitarianism.

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