Reduced-order modeling of light transport in tissue for real-time monitoring of brain hemodynamics using diffuse optical tomography

Ernesto E Vidal-Rosas, Stephen A Billings, Ying Zheng, John E Mayhew, David Johnston, Aneurin J Kennerley, Daniel Coca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper proposes a new reconstruction method for diffuse optical tomography using reduced-order models of light transport in tissue. The models, which directly map optical tissue parameters to optical flux measurements at the detector locations, are derived based on data generated by numerical simulation of a reference model. The reconstruction algorithm based on the reduced-order models is a few orders of magnitude faster than the one based on a finite element approximation on a fine mesh incorporating a priori anatomical information acquired by magnetic resonance imaging. We demonstrate the accuracy and speed of the approach using a phantom experiment and through numerical simulation of brain activation in a rat's head. The applicability of the approach for real-time monitoring of brain hemodynamics is demonstrated through a hypercapnic experiment. We show that our results agree with the expected physiological changes and with results of a similar experimental study. However, by using our approach, a three-dimensional tomographic reconstruction can be performed in ∼3  s per time point instead of the 1 to 2 h it takes when using the conventional finite element modeling approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)026008
JournalJournal of biomedical optics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2014


  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • Brain
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation
  • Computer Simulation
  • Female
  • Head
  • Hemodynamics
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Rats
  • Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared
  • Tomography, Optical
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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