The human pathogen Neisseria meningitidis is capable of growth using the denitrification of nitrite to nitrous oxide under microaerobic conditions. This process is catalyzed by two reductases: nitrite reductase (encoded by ani,4) and nitric oxide (NO) reductase (encoded by norB). Here, we show that in N. meningitidis MC58 norB is regulated by nitric oxide via the product of gene NMB0437 which encodes NsrR. NsrR is a repressor in the absence of NO, but norB expression is derepressed by NO in an NsrR-dependent manner. nsrR-deficient mutants grow by denitrification more rapidly than wild-type N. meningitidis, and this is coincident with the upregulation of both NO reductase and nitrite reductase even under aerobic conditions in the absence of nitrite or NO. The NsrR-dependent repression of ani,4 (unlike that of norB) is not lifted in the presence of NO. The role of NsrR in the control of expression of aniA is linked to the function of the anaerobic activator protein FNR: analysis of nsrR and fnr single and nsrR fnr double mutants carrying an ani4 promoter lacZ fusion indicates that the role of NsrR is to prevent FNR-dependent ani,4 expression under aerobic conditions, indicating that FNR in N. meningitidis retains considerable activity aerobically.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Bacteriology|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2007|
- IRON-SULFUR CLUSTER
- TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR