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Regulation of Protein Kinase B activity by PTEN and SHIP2 in human prostate-derived cell lines

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JournalCellular Signalling
DatePublished - Jan 2007
Issue number1
Volume19
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)129-138
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Protein Kinase B (PKB/Akt) is a key regulator of cell proliferation, motility and survival. The activation status of PKB is regulated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) via the synthesis of phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PI(3,4,5)P3, PIP3). PTEN antagonises PI3K by degrading PIP3 to phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2). Deregulation of PKB through loss of functional PTEN has frequently been implicated in the progression of tumours, including prostate cancer, and the PTEN-negative prostate cancer cell lines LNCaP and PC3 have been widely used as models for this mechanism of constitutive PKB activation. However, other enzymes in addition to PTEN can antagonise PI3K, including SHIP2, which degrades PIP3 to phosphatidylinositol-3,4-bisphosphate (PI(3,4)P2). We investigated the role of PTEN and SHIP2 in the regulation of PKB phosphorylation in a panel of human prostate-derived epithelial cell lines. In the PTEN-positive prostate-derived cell lines PNT2, PNT1a and P4E6, PI3K inhibition by LY294002 caused rapid dephosphorylation of PKB at ser473 (T-1/2 < 2 min), leading to its inactivation. In the PTEN-null line LNCaP, LY294002-induced PKB dephosphorylation was much slower (T-1/2 > 20 min), but in PC3 cells (also PTEN-null) it was only slightly slower than in PTEN-positive cells (T-1/2 = 3 min). PKB dephosphorylation paralleled loss of plasma membrane PIP3. PNT1a, P4E6 and PC3, but not PNT2 or LNCaP, expressed SHIP2. SiRNA-mediated knockdown of SHIP2 expression markedly slowed PKB inactivation in response to LY294002 in PO but not in other SHIP2-positive cells, whereas knockdown of PTEN expression in PNT2, PNT1a and P4E6 resulted in higher steady-state levels of PKB phosphorylation and slowed, but did not prevent, LY294002-induced PKB inactivation. Thus SHIP2 substitutes for PTEN in the acute regulation of PKB in PC3 cells but not other prostate cell lines, where PTEN may share this role with further PIP3-degrading mechanisms. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • protein kinase B, PTEN, SHIP2, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, prostate, cancer, cell line, INOSITOL POLYPHOSPHATE 5-PHOSPHATASE, PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3,4,5-TRISPHOSPHATE, TUMOR-SUPPRESSOR, SUBSTRATE-SPECIFICITY, EPITHELIAL-CELLS, IN-VIVO, GENE, CANCER, INSULIN, PHOSPHATASE

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