Relating dispositional mindfulness and long-term mindfulness training with executive functioning, emotion regulation, and well-being in pre-adolescents

Lena Wimmer*, Kate Isherwood, John Parkinson, Dusana Dorjee

*Corresponding author for this work

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The present study examined whether both dispositional mindfulness without mindfulness training and mindfulness resulting from longer-term mindfulness training are positively associated with pre-adolescents’ well-being, via enhanced executive functioning (EF) and emotion regulation. EF was assessed in a GoNoGo task via behavioral performance and event-related potentials. Study 1 (N = 62) investigated associations of dispositional mindfulness without mindfulness training with EF, well-being and emotion regulation; longitudinal Study 2 with an active control group compared the effects of long-term mindfulness training (N = 28) with a positive psychology intervention (N = 15). Dispositional mindfulness without training was associated with lower EF, unrelated to emotion regulation and the relationship with well-being was mixed. Long-term mindfulness training was positively related to EF and well-being (reduced negative affect), but was uncorrelated with emotion regulation and mindfulness scores. Taken together, long-term mindfulness training was found to have mixed effects. Further research is required in this area.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)534–553
Number of pages20
JournalPsychological Studies
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2023

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