Relational efficacy beliefs in athlete dyads: an investigation using actor-partner interdependence models

Ben Jackson, Mark R Beauchamp, Peter Knapp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The first purpose of this study was to examine the interrelationships among three forms of relational efficacy within performing dyads, namely, self-efficacy, other-efficacy, and relation-inferred self-efficacy. The second objective was to examine the relationships between these efficacy beliefs and athletes' perceptions of their commitment to and satisfaction with their current partnership. Participants were 120 junior tennis players (age, M = 14.30 years, SD = 1.21) performing within 60 intact pairs (i.e., doubles). Results revealed that self-efficacy and other-efficacy were predictive of athlete commitment and satisfaction, respectively. In addition, by utilizing actor-partner interdependence models, partner as well as actor effects were evident. The findings illustrate that relational efficacy beliefs may not only have implications for the individual holding such beliefs, but also for his or her relational partner. Implications for the future study of efficacy beliefs within dyadic contexts are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-89
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of sport & exercise psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Models, Psychological
  • Motivation
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Self Efficacy
  • Social Behavior
  • Social Perception
  • Tennis

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