Response of cell wall composition and RNA-seq transcriptome to methyl-jasmonate in Brachypodium distachyon callus

Lucy Sarah Hyde, Till K. Pellny, Jackie Freeman, Louise V. Michaelson, Rachael Simister, Simon John McQueen Mason, Rowan A.C. Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Main conclusion: Methyl-jasmonate induces large increases in p-coumarate linked to arabinoxylan in Brachypodium and in abundance of GT61 and BAHD family transcripts consistent with a role in synthesis of this linkage. Jasmonic acid (JA) signalling is required for many stress responses in plants, inducing large changes in the transcriptome, including up-regulation of transcripts associated with lignification. However, less is known about the response to JA of grass cell walls and the monocot-specific features of arabinoxylan (AX) synthesis and acylation by ferulic acid (FA) and para-coumaric acid (pCA). Here, we show that methyl-jasmonate (MeJA) induces moderate increases in FA monomer, > 50% increases in FA dimers, and five–sixfold increases in pCA ester-linked to cell walls in Brachypodium callus. Direct measurement of arabinose acylated by pCA (Araf-pCA) indicated that most or all the increase in cell-wall pCA was due to pCA ester-linked to AX. Analysis of the RNA-seq transcriptome of the callus response showed that these cell-wall changes were accompanied by up-regulation of members of the GT61 and BAHD gene families implicated in AX decoration and acylation; two BAHD paralogues were among the most up-regulated cell-wall genes (seven and fivefold) after 24 h exposure to MeJA. Similar responses to JA of orthologous BAHD and GT61 transcripts are present in the RiceXPro public expression data set for rice seedlings, showing that they are not specific to Brachypodium or to callus. The large response of AX-pCA to MeJA may, therefore, indicate an important role for this linkage in response of primary cell walls of grasses to JA signalling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1213-1229
Number of pages17
Issue number5
Early online date9 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2018


  • Arabinoxylan
  • Coumaroylation
  • Hemicellulose
  • Hydroxycinnamic acids
  • Jasmonic acid
  • Lignin
  • Hydroxybenzoates/analysis
  • Acetates/pharmacology
  • Cell Wall/chemistry
  • Cyclopentanes/pharmacology
  • Brachypodium/drug effects
  • RNA, Plant/genetics
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Phylogeny
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Oxylipins/pharmacology
  • Genes, Plant/genetics
  • Transcriptome/drug effects
  • Metabolic Networks and Pathways/drug effects
  • Plant Growth Regulators/pharmacology

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