Return Predictability, Dividend Growth and the Persistence of the Price-Dividend Ratio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Empirical evidence shows that the order of integration of returns and dividend growth is approximately equal to the order of integration of the first differenced
price-dividend ratio, which is about 0.8. Yet, the present-value identity implies the three series should be integrated of the same order. We reconcile this puzzle by showing that the aggregation of antipersistent expected returns and expected dividends gives rise to the price-dividend ratio with properties that mimic long memory in finite samples. In the empirical implementation, we extend and estimate the state-space present-value model by allowing for fractional
integration in expected returns and expected dividend growth. This extension improves the model's forecasting power in-sample and out-of-sample. In addition, expected returns and expected dividend growth modelled as ARFIMA
processes are more closely related to future macroeconomic variables, which makes them suitable as leading business cycle indicators.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages47
JournalInternational journal of forecasting
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 22 Mar 2024

Cite this