Risk and value in labour and capital markets: The UK corporate economy, 1980-2005.

S. Toms, A. Salama

Research output: Working paper


The paper sets out a theoretical model linking stock market financial risk to labour market conditions, including labour intensity and the risk arising from the specification of labour contracts. A value added analysis is conducted combining national and firm level accounts data to examine the relationship between the share of value and the share of risk, contrasting manufacturing and service industries. In conjunction with a firm level analysis, empirical support for the model is established showing rational trade-offs between the risk and value appropriations of investors and employees and a less rational accumulation of structured debt finance as the UK economy has shifted from manufacturing to services in the last 30 years. The shift to services, flexibility and deregulation has tended to promote labour intensity, inflexibility of cost structures, and, as a consequence greater financial risk.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherDepartment of Management Studies, University of York
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009


  • Operating
  • financial
  • leverage
  • risk
  • labour
  • flexible

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