Risk of Care Home Placement following Acute Hospital Admission: Effects of a Pay-for-Performance Scheme for Dementia

Panagiotis Kasteridis, Anne Mason, Maria Goddard, Rowena Jacobs, Rita Santos, Beatriz Rodriguez-Sanchez, Gerard McGonigal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


INTRODUCTION: The Quality and Outcomes Framework, or QOF, rewards primary care doctors (GPs) in the UK for providing certain types of care. Since 2006, GPs have been paid to identify patients with dementia and to conduct an annual review of their mental and physical health. During the review, the GP also assesses the carer's support needs, including impact of caring, and ensures that services are co-ordinated across care settings. In principle, this type of care should reduce the risk of admission to long-term residential care directly from an acute hospital ward, a phenomenon considered to be indicative of poor quality care. However, this potential effect has not previously been tested.

METHODS: Using English data from 2006/07 to 2010/11, we ran multilevel logit models to assess the impact of the QOF review on the risk of care home placement following emergency admission to acute hospital. Emergency admissions were defined for (a) people with a primary diagnosis of dementia and (b) people with dementia admitted for treatment of an ambulatory care sensitive condition. We adjusted for a wide range of potential confounding factors.

RESULTS: Over the study period, 19% of individuals admitted to hospital with a primary diagnosis of dementia (N = 31,120) were discharged to a care home; of those admitted for an ambulatory care sensitive condition (N = 139,267), the corresponding figure was 14%. Risk factors for subsequent care home placement included older age, female gender, vascular dementia, incontinence, fall, hip fracture, and number of comorbidities. Better performance on the QOF review was associated with a lower risk of care home placement but only when the admission was for an ambulatory care sensitive condition.

CONCLUSIONS: The QOF dementia review may help to reduce the risk of long-term care home placement following acute hospital admission.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0155850
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2016

Bibliographical note

© 2016 Kasteridis et al.


  • Dementia
  • Primary Health Care
  • Patient Discharge
  • Nursing Homes
  • Health Care Economics and Organizations

Cite this