The rational design of calamitic liquid crystals is an area of research that has been intensively explored due to their extensive applications in various devices. The successful methods for design have been, to some extent, mapped on discotic systems such that certain features of the structures of calamitic phases have been superimposed upon those of nematic discotic and columnar phases. In this article, we explore the correlation between nematogenic behaviour of hard rod-like particles and that of hard disc-like systems. We show that for calamitics, nematic behaviour is observed, whereas for discotics this is not the case. Furthermore, we show that nematic discotic materials are miscible, whereas unlike smectics, columnar phases are less likely to be miscible. Indeed, it appears that columnar discotic phases are greater similarities with soft-solids than true liquid crystals.
Bibliographical note© 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa
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