## Abstract

We study the solutions to the Klein-Gordon equation for the massive scalar field

in the universal covering space of two-dimensional anti-de Sitter space. For certain values of the mass parameter, we impose a suitable set of boundary conditions which make the spatial component of the Klein-Gordon operator self-adjoint. This makes the time-evolution of the classical field well defined. Then, we use the transformation properties of the scalar field under the isometry group of the theory, namely, the universal covering group of SL(2,R), in order to determine which self-adjoint boundary conditions are invariant under this group, and which lead to the positivefrequency solutions forming a unitary representation of this group and, hence, to a vacuum state invariant under this group. Then we examine the cases where the boundary condition leads to an invariant theory with non-invariant vacuum state and determine the unitary representation to which the vacuum state belongs.

in the universal covering space of two-dimensional anti-de Sitter space. For certain values of the mass parameter, we impose a suitable set of boundary conditions which make the spatial component of the Klein-Gordon operator self-adjoint. This makes the time-evolution of the classical field well defined. Then, we use the transformation properties of the scalar field under the isometry group of the theory, namely, the universal covering group of SL(2,R), in order to determine which self-adjoint boundary conditions are invariant under this group, and which lead to the positivefrequency solutions forming a unitary representation of this group and, hence, to a vacuum state invariant under this group. Then we examine the cases where the boundary condition leads to an invariant theory with non-invariant vacuum state and determine the unitary representation to which the vacuum state belongs.

Original language | English |
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Journal | Journal of Mathematical Physics |

Publication status | Accepted/In press - 8 Nov 2022 |