School-Based Interventions to Reduce Teacher Violence against Children: A Systematic Review

Ella Baumgarten, Mark Crawford Simmonds, Amanda Jayne Mason-Jones*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Whilst teacher violence against children at school is a significant global issue, it remains a form of child abuse that is rarely explored. The aim of this study was to systematically review the global literature on the effectiveness of school-based interventions to reduce teacher violence against children. MED- LINE, Embase, ASSIA, CINAHL Complete, ERIC and clinical databases were searched from inception to 21 April 2022. Four cluster ran- domised controlled trials were retrieved from Uganda, Tanzania and Jamaica. The number of schools per study (cluster size) varied from 8 to 42 schools with between 55 and 591 teachers and 220–4789 students. The average student age was between 7 and 15 years old and, on average, the teachers were between 30 and 42 years old. The interventions aimed to reduce teacher violence against children and incorporated teacher training workshops that targeted teacher–student relationships by promoting positive discipline techniques and nurturing learning environments. The use of teacher violence was significantly reduced among intervention groups. This suggests that these interventions may effectively decrease teacher violence against children and therefore should be advocated more widely.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2803
Number of pages16
JournalChild Abuse Review
Early online date28 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

© 2022 The Authors.


  • child maltreatment, school-aged child, school-based intervention, systematic review, teacher, violence

Cite this