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Searching for Scandinavians in pre-Viking Scotland: Molecular fingerprinting of Early Medieval combs

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Searching for Scandinavians in pre-Viking Scotland : Molecular fingerprinting of Early Medieval combs. / Ashby, Steve; Von Holstein, Isabella Christina Charlottie; Collins, Matthew James; Van Doorn, Nienke Laura; Meirai, Meirav; Barnes, Ian; Brundle, Anne; Sachs, Stacie.

In: Journal of archaeological science, Vol. 41, 01.2014, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Ashby, S, Von Holstein, ICC, Collins, MJ, Van Doorn, NL, Meirai, M, Barnes, I, Brundle, A & Sachs, S 2014, 'Searching for Scandinavians in pre-Viking Scotland: Molecular fingerprinting of Early Medieval combs', Journal of archaeological science, vol. 41, pp. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2013.07.026

APA

Ashby, S., Von Holstein, I. C. C., Collins, M. J., Van Doorn, N. L., Meirai, M., Barnes, I., ... Sachs, S. (2014). Searching for Scandinavians in pre-Viking Scotland: Molecular fingerprinting of Early Medieval combs. Journal of archaeological science, 41, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2013.07.026

Vancouver

Ashby S, Von Holstein ICC, Collins MJ, Van Doorn NL, Meirai M, Barnes I et al. Searching for Scandinavians in pre-Viking Scotland: Molecular fingerprinting of Early Medieval combs. Journal of archaeological science. 2014 Jan;41:1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2013.07.026

Author

Ashby, Steve ; Von Holstein, Isabella Christina Charlottie ; Collins, Matthew James ; Van Doorn, Nienke Laura ; Meirai, Meirav ; Barnes, Ian ; Brundle, Anne ; Sachs, Stacie. / Searching for Scandinavians in pre-Viking Scotland : Molecular fingerprinting of Early Medieval combs. In: Journal of archaeological science. 2014 ; Vol. 41. pp. 1-6.

Bibtex - Download

@article{4ba50159fa524bb183b16c1ad6e46389,
title = "Searching for Scandinavians in pre-Viking Scotland: Molecular fingerprinting of Early Medieval combs",
abstract = "The character and chronology of Norse colonisation in Early Medieval northern Scotland (8th–10th centuries AD) is hotly debated. The presence of reindeer antler raw material in ‘native’ or ‘Pictish’ type combs from the Orkney Isles, northern Scotland has been put forward as evidence for a long and largely peaceful initial period of cultural contact, as opposed to a shorter, more polarised period probably in the late ninth century. Here this hypothesis is tested using a minimally-destructive collagen peptide mass fingerprinting method (ZooMS) to speciate the raw material of 20 combs. Eleven were identified as red deer, four as reindeer and one as whale. The accuracy and gentleness of this method was tested by the subsequent application of ancient DNA (aDNA) methods to fourteen of the same samples: in ten, amplification was successful and all supported the preliminary ZooMS identification. All ‘native’-type combs in the sample are identified as red deer, and all Norse types as reindeer. These results challenge previous species identifications for these combs' raw materials. The balance of evidence no longer supports the existence of a long period of cultural contact between Atlantic Scotland and Scandinavian settlers before the late 9th century. ZooMS is shown to have considerable potential for identification of worked bone and antler artefacts, with applications in archaeology and wildlife/art-history forensics.",
keywords = "combs, chronology, culture, pictish",
author = "Steve Ashby and {Von Holstein}, {Isabella Christina Charlottie} and Collins, {Matthew James} and {Van Doorn}, {Nienke Laura} and Meirav Meirai and Ian Barnes and Anne Brundle and Stacie Sachs",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jas.2013.07.026",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "1--6",
journal = "Journal of archaeological science",
issn = "0305-4403",
publisher = "ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Searching for Scandinavians in pre-Viking Scotland

T2 - Molecular fingerprinting of Early Medieval combs

AU - Ashby, Steve

AU - Von Holstein, Isabella Christina Charlottie

AU - Collins, Matthew James

AU - Van Doorn, Nienke Laura

AU - Meirai, Meirav

AU - Barnes, Ian

AU - Brundle, Anne

AU - Sachs, Stacie

PY - 2014/1

Y1 - 2014/1

N2 - The character and chronology of Norse colonisation in Early Medieval northern Scotland (8th–10th centuries AD) is hotly debated. The presence of reindeer antler raw material in ‘native’ or ‘Pictish’ type combs from the Orkney Isles, northern Scotland has been put forward as evidence for a long and largely peaceful initial period of cultural contact, as opposed to a shorter, more polarised period probably in the late ninth century. Here this hypothesis is tested using a minimally-destructive collagen peptide mass fingerprinting method (ZooMS) to speciate the raw material of 20 combs. Eleven were identified as red deer, four as reindeer and one as whale. The accuracy and gentleness of this method was tested by the subsequent application of ancient DNA (aDNA) methods to fourteen of the same samples: in ten, amplification was successful and all supported the preliminary ZooMS identification. All ‘native’-type combs in the sample are identified as red deer, and all Norse types as reindeer. These results challenge previous species identifications for these combs' raw materials. The balance of evidence no longer supports the existence of a long period of cultural contact between Atlantic Scotland and Scandinavian settlers before the late 9th century. ZooMS is shown to have considerable potential for identification of worked bone and antler artefacts, with applications in archaeology and wildlife/art-history forensics.

AB - The character and chronology of Norse colonisation in Early Medieval northern Scotland (8th–10th centuries AD) is hotly debated. The presence of reindeer antler raw material in ‘native’ or ‘Pictish’ type combs from the Orkney Isles, northern Scotland has been put forward as evidence for a long and largely peaceful initial period of cultural contact, as opposed to a shorter, more polarised period probably in the late ninth century. Here this hypothesis is tested using a minimally-destructive collagen peptide mass fingerprinting method (ZooMS) to speciate the raw material of 20 combs. Eleven were identified as red deer, four as reindeer and one as whale. The accuracy and gentleness of this method was tested by the subsequent application of ancient DNA (aDNA) methods to fourteen of the same samples: in ten, amplification was successful and all supported the preliminary ZooMS identification. All ‘native’-type combs in the sample are identified as red deer, and all Norse types as reindeer. These results challenge previous species identifications for these combs' raw materials. The balance of evidence no longer supports the existence of a long period of cultural contact between Atlantic Scotland and Scandinavian settlers before the late 9th century. ZooMS is shown to have considerable potential for identification of worked bone and antler artefacts, with applications in archaeology and wildlife/art-history forensics.

KW - combs

KW - chronology

KW - culture

KW - pictish

U2 - 10.1016/j.jas.2013.07.026

DO - 10.1016/j.jas.2013.07.026

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 1

EP - 6

JO - Journal of archaeological science

JF - Journal of archaeological science

SN - 0305-4403

ER -